Indian Wars & Battles

Pawnee Indians on the Great Plains - Indian Wars and Battles

Great Plains Indians

This article on  Indian Wars & Battles provides a full timeline detailing the history, facts and information about famous people, important events and key dates in Native American conflicts, wars and battles

Learn about the Indian Wars & Battles that were fought between tribes and against the U.S. Army, Colonists and settlers

Important dates in a fast date order format providing the sequence of important past conflicts, battles and wars via the Indian Wars & Battles article.

The Indian Wars
Native Indian Tribes Index

Indian Wars & Battles
The Indian Wars & Battles history timeline begins in the 1600's following the encroachment of Indian homelands by the Anglo European settlers. 

The Indian Wars & Battles of the 17th century are centred around the Eastern states where the colonists from Europe first settled.

The Indian Wars & Battles of the 18th century and were numerous and spread across North America.

All the Indian wars, battles and conflicts were generally the result of the opening of Indian lands to colonization, the conquest of the Native American Indians and their forced relocation to Indian reservations.

Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Wars & Battles history timeline  - simple to read with fast facts about the history of the Native American Indians.  For additional facts refer to Native American History

 

Modoc Indian taking a scalp of U.S. soldier - Indian Wars and Battles

 

Indian Wars & Battles - Indian Tribes
Discover interesting  information and facts about the history of the Indian Wars & Battles. This History Timeline of Indian Wars & Battles provides a list detailing key conflicts, events and dates of conflicts, wars and battles in the 1600's. A comprehensive list of the Indian Wars and Battles. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to
Colonial America Time Period and the 13 Colonies Timeline. The Tiguex War is the first war between Europeans and Native American Indians, and perhaps the least well known as it occurred in the 1500's. Did you know that between 1787 and 1868, 371 treaties were signed between the U.S. and American Indian Tribes?

 

Indian Wars & Battles - 1500 -1600's
History Timeline Indian Wars and Battles

1540 The Tiguex War was the first war between Europeans and Native American Indians. The battles were fought by the army of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado against the Tiwa Indians in New Mexico

 

1614 1614 Violent confrontation between hundreds of English and Powhatan men on the Pamunkey River, Virginia. Refer to Powhatan.

 

1622 1622-1624 The Powhatan Wars, battles and conflicts in Virginia between colonists and American Native Indians

 

1637 The Pequot War - Native Indians of Connecticut and Rhode Island were defeated by the colonists led by John Underhill and John Mason, and the Narragansetts and Mohegans who were their allies. Many native Indians were killed and others sold into slavery

 

1640 1640 - 1701 - The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars - see Iroquois Confederacy

 

1655 1655 - The Peach Tree War was a large scale attack by the Susquehannock Nation and allied Native Americans on New Netherlands settlements centered on New Amsterdam

 

1675 The start of the 'Indian Wars' (1675-1760) which would include the French and Indian Wars

 

1675 1675-l676 Bacon's Rebellion, War with Susquehannocks in Maryland

 

1675 1675 - 1677 King Philip's War. The war was so named after Metacom (King Philip) of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the British. The war was bloody and bitterly fought by the colonists against the Wampanoags, Narragansetts, Nipmucks, Pocumtucks, and Abenaki Tribes. During King Philip's War, up to one third of America's white population was wiped out. This war proved to be the final struggle by the Native Americans of Connecticut.

 

1680 1680-1692: The Pueblo Revolt was located in New Mexico and Arizona between the Pueblo Native Americans and the Spanish. This was an initial great victory for the Pueblo but the Spanish re-conquered the lands in 1692

 

1689 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the British and the Algonquian speaking tribes were allied to the French. The French and Indian Wars was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies consisting of:

King William's War (1688-1699)
Queen Anne's War (1702-1713)
King George's War (1744 - 1748)
French Indian War (1754-1763)

 

1688 King William's War (1688-1699)  (part of the French and Indian Wars) between France and the Wabanaki Confederacy and England and the Iroquois Confederacy. Peace Treaty called the Treaty of Rijswijk was made at Pemaquid. August 11,1693. and was ratified on Jan. 7. 1699

 
History Timeline Indian Wars and Battles
Indian Wars & Battles - 1600's

Indian Wars & Battles - Indian Tribes
Discover interesting  information and facts about the history of the Indian Wars & Battles. This History Timeline of Indian Wars & Battles provides a list detailing key conflicts, events and dates of conflicts, wars and battles in the 1700's. A comprehensive list of the Indian Wars and Battles.

 

Indian Wars & Battles - 1700's
History Timeline Indian Wars and Battles

1702 Queen Anne's War (1702-1713)  (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy against the British colonies allied with the Iroquois Confederacy, Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.

 

 

1711 1711-1715: The Tuscarora War in Northern Carolina. The Tuscarora tribe led by King Hancock was defeated by James Moore and Native Indian allies

 

1712 The First French Fox War (1712–1716) began when Fox, Kickapoo, and Mascouten attacked Fort Pontchartrain

 

1715 The Yamasee War - An Indian confederation came close to wiping out the white settlements in  Southern Carolina

 

1722 Wabanaki-New England War of 1722–1725 aka Father Rale's War or Lovewell's War in Maine

 

1722 Iroquois surrender claims to land south of the Ohio River in addition to counties in the eastern panhandle

 

1728 The Second Fox War (1728–1733), the Fox were reduced to 500 by French troops and Indian allies. The Fox tribe join the Sauk Tribe after defeat

 

1729 1729 Following the Natchez Wars of 1716, 1722 and 1723 the Natchez Rebellion (1729–1731) when Natchez Indians massacre 250 people at Fort Rosalie. 

 

1736 The Chickasaw Wars (1736, 1739 and 1752) were fought between the Chickasaw allied with the British against the French and their allies the Choctaws and Illini.

 

1744 King George's War (1744 - 1748) (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy and the British colonies allied with Iroquois Confederacy

 

1749 Father Le Loutre’s War (1749–1755), also known as the Indian War, the Míkmaq War and the Anglo-Míkmaq War

 

1754 French Indian War (1754-1763) known in the US as the Seven Years War, (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the colonies of France allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Algonquin tribes, Abenaki, Míkmaq, Mohawk, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Great Britain allied with the Iroquois Confederacy, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Cayuga, Catawba and Cherokee tribes

 

1758 The Anglo-Cherokee War (1758–1761) - The Cherokee uprising in present-day Tennessee, Virginia and the Carolinas.

 

1763 The Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War (1754-1763). Canada, east of the Mississippi River, was added to the British empire.

 

1763 Pontiac's Rebellion, aka the Pontiac War (1763–66), broke out in the Ohio River Valley. The Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) led a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British

 

1774 December 16: The Boston Tea Party - Massachusetts patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians protested against the British Tea Act

 

1775 American Revolution (1775- 1783)

 

1775 Lord Dunmore's War in Southern Ohio.  Lord Dunmore, the Governor of Virginia sent 3000 solders who defeated 1000 Native Indians following battles and conflicts between American Native Indians and the settlers and traders.

 

 

1776 Chickamauga Wars, aka the Second Cherokee War, (1776–1794) Cherokee involvement in the American Revolutionary War which continued through late 1794

 

1777 Battle of Oriskany  

1778 Wyoming Valley Massacre  

1778 Cherry Valley Massacre  

1782 Battle of Blue Licks  

 

1785 Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio, also known as Little Turtle's war - refer to Little Turtle. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794.
 
 

 

1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers

 

 

1794 The Nickajack Expedition

 
History Timeline Indian Wars and Battles
Indian Wars & Battles - 1700's
 

 

Indian Wars & Battles - 1800's
Discover interesting  information and facts about the history of the Indian Wars & Battles. This History Timeline of Indian Wars & Battles provides a list detailing key conflicts, events and dates of conflicts, wars and battles in the 1800's. A comprehensive list of the Indian Wars and Battles.

US Cavalry

Indian Wars - Indian Territory
Indian Territory was a vast area of U.S. federal territory on the Great Plains reserved for Indians from the 1830s to the 1880s. Indian Territory eventually became the states of Kansas, Nebraska, and Oklahoma. By 1907, when Oklahoma was admitted as a state, Indian Territory ceased to exist.

 

Indian Wars & Battles - 1800's
History Timeline Indian Wars and Battles

1804 Battle of Sitka, a major conflict between European and Alaska Natives
 
 

1806 Sabine Expedition
 
 

1811 Battle of Woody Point
 
 

1811 Tecumseh's War - Battle of Tippecanoe (1811–1813) Tecumseh
 
 

1812 War of 1812 begins
 
 

 

1813 Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.
 
 

 

1813 Peoria War was a battle between the U. S. Army, settlers and the Native American tribes of the Potawatomi and the Kickapoo tribes in the Peoria area of Illinois. Their villages were attacked and the tribes left the area. Battles and conflicts resumed in the Winnebago War of 1827 and the Black Hawk War of 1832 - see Black Hawk
 
 

 

1817 First Seminole War (1817–1818) erupted in Florida as the Seminole Indian tribe defended their lands and runaway slaves
 
 

1820 Texas–Indian wars (1820 - 1875) were a series of conflicts between settlers in Texas and Plains Indians
 
 

1823 Arikara War - Campaign against Arickara Indians, upper Missouri River, Dakota Territory
 
 

 

1827 Winnebago War (Fever River expedition) was a small conflict which occurred in Wisconsin between the settlers and lead miners who were trespassing on their land and the Winnebago tribe
 
 

1830 1830-1840 - Miwok-Yokut Raids into Mexican California
 
 

1832 Black Hawk War occurred in Northern Illinois and Southwestern Wisconsin. The Native Indian Sauk and Fox tribes were led by Chief Black Hawk in an attempt to re-take their homeland
 
 

1832 Department of Indian Affairs established
 
 

1834 The First Dragoon Expedition of 1834 (also called the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition or Pawnee expedition) was the first official contact between the US government and the Plains Indians including the Pawnee and Comanche
 
 

 

1835 Creek Alabama Uprising (1835–1837) in Alabama and Georgia along the Chattahoochee River which resulted in a defeat for the Creek forces and the removal of the Creek people from their native lands to the Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma see the Trail of Tears
 
 

 

1835 Second Seminole War (1835–1842) in Florida. Under Chief Osceola, the Seminole resumed fighting for their land and were decimated as a result
 
 

1836 Florida–Georgia Border War
 
 

1836 Missouri–Iowa Border War
 
 

1836 Comanche Wars (1836–1877)
 
 

 

1837 Osage Indian War (1837) After years of war with invading Iroquois, the Osage migrated west of the Mississippi River to their historic lands in present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma. The conflict involved a number of battles with the Osage Indians in Missouri.
 
 

1846 1846 - 1863 The Navajo conflicts in New Mexico and Arizona led to their forced occupancy of an inhospitable reservation
 
 

1848 Cayuse War (1848–1855) the influx of disease and settlers to Oregon
 
 

1849 Apache Wars (1849–1924)
 
 

1849 The Jicarilla War fought between the Jicarilla Apaches and Ute warriors against the United States
 
 

1850 The Pitt River expedition, California. Made by Colonel E. A. Stevenson, Indian Agent to establish relations with the Achomawi or Pit River, Hat Creek and Modoc
 
 

1850 The Mariposa Indian War in California,  a conflict between the with Miwok and Yokut Indians and miners. Miners forced the Indians off their gold rich lands.
 
 

1850 Yuma War (1850–1853)
 
 

1850 Ute Wars (1850–1923)
 
 

1853 Walker War (1853–1854) with the Ute Indians begins over slavery among the Indians. Wakara (Walker) leads the Utes in Utah in a series of raids on Mormon settlements
 
 

1854 1854 - 1890 The Sioux Wars in South Dakota, Minnesota and Wyoming were led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull in a fight to keep their homelands
 
 

1855 Yakima War (1855–1858)
 
 

1855 1855 - 1856 Rogue River War in Oregon - Klamath and Salmon River Indian war . Indian tribes were attacked in an attempt to start a war that would enable unemployed miners to work. Survivors were forced on to reservations
 
 

1855 Puget Sound War (1855–1856)
 
 

1855 1855 - 1856 Cheyenne and Arapaho conflicts
 
 

1855 Winna's expedition against Snake Indians, Oregon
 
 

1855 Third Seminole War (1855–1858) in the Florida everglade area. The Seminole led by Chief Billy Bowleg made their last stand and were defeated and deported to Indian territory in Oklahoma
 
 

1856 The Tule River War in California
 
 

1856 Tintic War (1856)
 
 

1857 Battle of Solomon Fork, Kansas
 
 

1858 Antelope Hills Expedition (aka the Battle of Little Robe Creek) between the Texas Rangers and the Tonkawa against Comanche and Kiowa villages in the Comancheria beginning in Texas
 
 

1858 The Coeur d'Alene War (aka Spokane, Coeur d'Alene and Palouse Indian war) was fought in the Washington and Idaho areas. The alliance of Native Indian tribes attacked and defeated a force of 164 US troops under Major Edward Steptoe
 
 

1858 Navajo Wars in New Mexico (1858–1864)
 
 

1858 1858-1859 - Wichita expedition in Indian Territory
 
 

1859 The Mendocino War of 1859 -1860 in California
 
 

1860 Kiowa and Comanche expedition in Indian Territory to remove the Kiowa and Comanche from the area of the Arkansas River
 
 

1860 Paiute War also known as Pyramid Lake War, Utah Territory, (now Nevada)
 
 

1860 Navajo expedition, New Mexico in which 1,000 warriors waged an attack on Fort Defiance
 
 

1860 Chiricahua Wars (1860–1886)
 
 

1861 Yavapai Wars (1861–1875)
 
 

1861 1861 - 1900 Apache Wars in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Leaving the reservation attacks were made on outposts led by Geronimo and Cochise. Geronimo surrendered in 1886 but others carried on the fight until 1900
 
 

1862 Sioux Indian war in Minnesota and Dakota. The Sioux killed upwards of 1,000 settlers in Minnesota then fled to Dakota territory pursued by 5000 US Cavalry soldiers
 
 

1863 1863-1869 War against the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa and Comanche Indians in Kansas, Nebraska (Territory), Colorado (Territory) and Oklahoma Indian Territory
 
 

1864 The Snake War (1864–1868) was fought by the U.S. army against the "Snake Indians" which was the settlers term for Northern Paiute, Bannock and Western Shoshone bands who lived along the Snake River. Fighting took place in Oregon, Nevada, and California, and Idaho
 
 

1864 Sand Creek Massacre - Colonel John  Chivington and his Colorado Volunteers massacred Cheyenne and Arapaho men, women, and children
 
 

1865 Hualapai War (1865–1870)
 
 

1865 1865, 1868 and in 1879: Ute Wars broke out in Utah due to Mormon settlers taking over their lands
 
 

1865 Powder River War
 
 

1865 Black Hawk's War (1865–1872)
 
 

1865 1865-1868 - Campaign against Indians in southern Oregon, Idaho (Territory) and northern California.
 
 

1866 Red Cloud's War (1866–1868) - see Red Cloud
 
 

1867 The Battle of Beaver Creek (Kidder Massacre) - Cheyenne and Sioux Indians ambushed and killed a 2nd US Cavalry detachment Beaver Creek, Kansas
 
 

1868 Battle of Beecher Island, also known as the Battle of Arikaree Fork, was a conflict between the United States Army and several of the Plains native American tribes, including the Cheyenne Indians
 
 

1869 Battle of Summit Springs was the final military engagement between whites and plains Indians in Colorado
 
 

1871 Tonto War (1871–1875)
 
 

1872 1872 - 1873 Modoc War in California and Oregon when led by Captain Jack Native Indians left their terrible reservation and fought for 6 months, Captain Jack was hanged
 
 

1873 Campaign against Apache Indians in Arizona and New Mexico
 
 

1874 Sioux expedition, Wyoming (Territory) and Nebraska
 
 

1874 Red River War in Northern Texas against the Arapaho, Comanche, Cheyenne and Kiowa tribes, who eventually surrendered
 
 

1874 1874-1875 - Campaign against Kiowa, Cheyenne and Comanche Indians in Indian Territory
 
 

1876 Buffalo Hunters' War (1876–1877)
 
 

1876 Great Sioux War, aka the Black Hills War, (1876–1877). Battle of the Rosebud in Montana. Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne under Crazy Horse turned back soldiers commanded by General George Crook cutting off reinforcements intended to aid Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
 
 

1876 17 June, 1876: The Battle of the Rosebud between the United States Army led by General George Crook and a force of Lakota Sioux. The Battle of the Rosebud delayed Crook from joining Custer and the 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn

 

1876 26 June,1876 - Battle of Little Bighorn, Montana. Sioux and Cheyenne defeated General Custer and the Seventh Cavalry
 
 

1877 Nez Perce War in Oregon, Montana and Idaho. After fighting against the Americans Chief Joseph led his tribe 1700 miles to Canada but were forced to to surrender near the border
 
 

1878 Bannock War
 
 

1878 1878-1879 -- Campaign against Cheyenne Indians in Dakota (Territory) and Montana
 
 

1878 The last battle to take place in Kansas was the Battle of Punished Woman Fork in Scott County on September 27, 1878
 
 

1879 The Sheepeater Indian War was the last Indian war fought in the Pacific Northwest portion of the United States in Idaho
 
 

1879 White River War
 
 

1879 Victorio's War (1879–1880) - refer to Victorio
 
 

1881 Geronimo's War (1881–1886)
 
 

1887 Crow War
 
 

1887 Ute War
 
 

1890 Ghost Dance War (1890–1891) aka Pine Ridge Campaign
 
 

1890 Battle of Wounded Knee. The Wounded Knee Massacre in South Dakota followed the killing of Chief Sitting Bull. Chief Big Foot led the last band of Lakota Sioux and were massacred by the US Army at Wounded Knee Creek
 
 

1893 Navajo war against white settlers. Northwestern New Mexico and Northeastern Arizona
 
 

1895 Bannock Uprising at Jackson's Hole, Wyoming
 
 

1896 Yaqui Uprising - conflict that took place in the Mexican state of Sonora and the American state of Arizona
 
 

1898 Battle of Sugar Point US Infantry and Chippewa Indians in Minnesota
 
 

1909 Crazy Snake Rebellion between the Creek Indians and white settlers in Oklahoma
 
 

1911 Battle of Kelley Creek in Nevada. A small group of Bannock and Shoshone killed four men in an incident known as the Last Massacre. They were followed by a posse to Kelley Creek. 9 people were killed
 
 

1915 The Bluff War, aka Posey War or the Polk and Posse War, Ute and Paiute and the US army. Location: San Juan County, Utah and Montezuma County, Colorado
 
 

1918 Battle of Bear Valley, Arizona between Yaqui Indians and the US cavalry - 1 Indian was killed and 9 were captured
 
 
History Timeline Indian Wars and Battles
Indian Wars & Battles - 1800's

Indian Wars & Battles
The Indian Wars & Battles history timeline provides interesting facts and information about the conflicts in North America. The Indian Wars Timeline then provides basic facts and information on the impact of the Anglo-European colonists and white settlers, in terms of wars and battles, and the main Indian tribes. The Indian Wars & Battles provides a unique overview of the names and numbers of Indian wars and battles fought between American Native Indians and the colonists, white settlers and the US Cavalry and army. A comprehensive list of the Indian Wars and Battles.

US Cavalry and Indians - Indian Wars and Battles

Indian Wars and Battles - US Cavalry and Indians

 

Indian Wars & Battles

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