Battle of Fallen Timbers

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The Battle of Fallen Timbers Definition
The History of the Battle of Fallen Timbers including details of the cause, reason, and summary. The dates and years of the Indian Battles and when and why the battle was fought. Battle of Fallen Timbers Summary and Definition: The Battle of Fallen Timbers was a conflict fought on August 20, 1794 in Northwest Ohio at the rapids of the Maumee River near the present Toledo. The Battle of Fallen Timbers was fought between the Western confederacy of Native Indian tribes led by Blue Jacket and the 1794 American Legion led by General “Mad” Anthony Wayne.

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Battle of Fallen Timbers Summary
The American Legion was commanded by General “Mad” Anthony Wayne’s force which consisted of 1,700 “regulars” and 1,500 members of the Kentucky Militia whose aim was to build a series of forts between the Ohio and Maumee rivers. Nearly 1,000 warriors of the Native Indian confederacy, led by the Shawnee Chiefs Blue Jacket and Tecumseh, the Miami war chief Little Turtle and the Delaware (Lenape) Chief Buckongahelas were waiting to ambush the Americans. The Native American Indians sought camouflage among a stand of trees that had been recently felled by a tornado, hence the name, the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

Less than 100 men on each side died in the brief Battle of Fallen Timbers, but the American Legion’s victory marked a major turning point in the fight for the western frontier. The American victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers led to the signing of the Treaty Greenville in 1795.

Fast Facts about the Battle of Fallen Timbers
Who fought in the Battle of Fallen Timbers? When did the conflict start and when did the conflict end? What were the causes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers? What was the significance of the Battle of Fallen Timbers? What were the results and effects of the Battle of Fallen Timbers? Interesting history and facts about the Battle of Fallen Timbers:

Fast Facts about the Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794)
 Name of Conflict: Battle of Fallen Timbers
 
 Location of the Battle of Fallen Timbers:
 The “last battle of the American Revolution” or the final battle of the Northwest Indian War
 
 Date of the Battle of Fallen Timbers started: August 20, 1794
 
 Combatants in the Battle of Fallen Timbers: The Legion of the United States which was an extension of the United States Army from 1792 to 1796
 
 Combatants in the Battle of Fallen Timbers: Native American tribes including Delaware (Lenape), Shawnee, Mingo, Huron (Wyandot), Miami, Ottawa, Ojibwa (Chippewa) and the Potawatomi
 
 Result of the Battle of Fallen Timbers: Victory for the United States of America
 
 Famous Leaders in the Battle of Fallen Timbers: Major General Anthony Wayne

Chief Blue Jacket, Chief Little Turtle, Chief Buckongahelas and Tecumseh

 
Fast Facts about the Battle of Fallen Timbers

Map of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
The illustrated Map of the Battle of Fallen Timbers illustrates the position of the combatants on the battlefield. The Native Indians were waiting in ambush amongst the fallen timbers created by a tornado and their line of attack. The position of Major General Wayne's well trained troops are shown on the Map of Fallen Timbers and the positions adopted by commanders Wilkinson, Todd, Scott, Barber and Wayne himself. Following their defeat at the Battle of Fallen Timbers the Native Indians fled the Americans and sought refuge at Fort Miami which was a British fortification. The British refused to shelter the Indians.

Map of the Battle of Fallen Timbers

Map of the Battle of Fallen Timbers

 

Battle of Fallen Timbers - General Wayne with the 1794 American Legion

The Battle of Fallen Timbers
General Wayne & the 1794 American Legion

Specific Causes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
What were the specific causes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers? The specific causes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers at a local level were:

  • Land: Disputes over Native Indian homelands and territories increased
  • A series of forts were built to house the forces of the United States Army antagonising the indigenous tribes
  • Peace negotiations between the Americans and the Native Indians failed which led to the Battle of Fallen Timbers

History & Causes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers - Political Policies and Beliefs
What were the causes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers? Some of the history and causes of the Indian Battles were dictated by political policies and beliefs which shaped the historical background to the causes of the Battle of Fallen Timbers

  • Culture Clash: Distrust and hostilities grew between the indigenous population of the region and the American colonists as the number of newcomers increased leading to the inevitable culture clash
 

History Timeline of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
This short History Timeline of the Battle of Fallen Timbers provides fast facts and information about the history, years & dates, key events and famous people who fought in the Battle of Fallen Timbers. For additional information about the Battle of Fallen Timbers refer to
The Story of Wars with the Western Indians

 

History Timeline of the Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794)

1775The American Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783) 

1785Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio, also known as Little Turtle's war. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the Native Indians
 

1791General Anthony St. Clair’s American troops in 1791 by the Native American federation under Chief Little Turtle.
 

1792General Anthony Wayne was recalled as a Major general by George Washington in 1792 to lead the Legion of the United States against the Native American forces in Ohio and Indiana
 

1792General Wayne started training his troops in Pittsburgh.
 

1793The American Legion consisted of 1,700 “regulars” and 1,500 members of the Kentucky Militia
 

1793General Wayne's American Legion moved on to the Cincinnati region in the summer of 1793, awaiting orders. Negotiations were in progress with the Native Americans.
 

1793Autumn 1793: The negotiations failed. The United States refused to ban any settlement by its citizens beyond the Ohio River and the Native Indians refused to allow intruders on their territories.
 

1793September 11, 1793, Wayne received word to build a series of forts between the Ohio and Maumee rivers and quell the Native Americans. The expedition was planned for the spring of 1794.
 

1793Wayne and his troops established their base at  at Fort Jefferson and went on to build Fort Recovery.
 

1794June 1794: 2,000 Indians attacked the Fort Recovery but were forced to retreat
 

1794Morning of August 20, 1794: Major Gen. Anthony Wayne led troops of the American Legion from their fort at Roche de Bout
 

1794Late Afternoon of August 20, 1794: After a 5 mile march from the fort the American force was ambushed by over 1000 Native Indians at Fallen Timbers
 

1794August 20, 1794: The fighting at the Battle of Fallen Timbers lasted for just over one hour during which time less than 100 men on each side died
 

1794August 20, 1794:The Native Americans were driven from the battlefield of Fallen Timbers
 

1794August 20, 1794::Wayne set up camp on high ground and over the following days they buried their dead at the battleground of Fallen Timbers
 

1794General Anthony Wayne returned to a hero's welcome in Philadelphia for his role in the Battle of Fallen Timbers
 

1795August 3, 1795: The Treaty of Greenville following the Battle of Fallen Timbers was signed at Fort Greenville between the American Indian tribes, known as the Western Confederacy and the United States

 

 
History Timeline of the Battle of Fallen Timbers

The Significance and Effects of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
The effects and significance of the Battle of Fallen Timbers in history is that Native American defeat hastened the collapse of indigenous resistance in the area of Ohio. The treaty of Greenville ended the Northwest Indian War in Ohio Country. the Battle of Fallen Timbers secured the northwest frontier and demonstrated the strength of the new national government following the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of Fallen Timbers

  • Significance, causes, summary, dates and history of the Battle of Fallen Timbers for kids
  • History timeline of Fallen Timbers
  • Interesting Facts and information on Fallen Timbers for kids and schools
  • Cause and Effects of the Battle of Fallen Timbers
  • Significance, causes events, summary, dates and history of the Battle of Fallen Timbers for kids

Battle of Fallen Timbers - Pictures and Videos of Native Americans
Battle of Fallen Timbers. Discover the key years, famous people and events of the Battle of Fallen Timbers together with the causes and effects of the Battle, conflict and battle. Pictures have been include wherever possible which show the battlefield, clothing and weapons of the Native Indian tribes and their leaders who fought in the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The illustrated text provides a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages. We have included pictures and videos to accompany the main topic of this section - Fallen Timbers. The videos enable fast access to the images, paintings and pictures together with the information and the many facts featured on this subject of the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

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