Fast Facts about Blue Jacket
The following fact sheet contains interesting facts, background history and information about the life of Blue Jacket and the events in history that led to his fame as a great Native American Indian leader.
Fast Facts about Blue Jacket
Lifespan of Blue Jacket: c1743 - c1810
Alternate Name: Weyapiersenwah
Place of Birth: Deer Creek (present Ross County, Ohio)
Date of Birth: c1743
Role War Chief of the Shawnee tribe
Date of Death: c1810
Native Indian Allies: Little Turtle
European Allies and Wars: Fought with the British in the 1774 Lord Dunmore's War and in the War of Independence (1775 - 1783). Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio, also known as Little Turtle's war.
Famous Battles: 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers
Peace Treaty: The Treaty of Greenville (1795) and the Treaty of Fort Industry (1805)
Blue Jacket was a famous Shawnee war chief who opposed white encroachment and resisted against white expansion. Little is known about Blue Jacket's early life. He first appears in written historical records in 1773, when he was already a Shawnee war chief. Throughout Blue Jacket’s life with the Shawnee tribe, it is known that he fought under Little Turtle and they were at the forefront of the white resistance when colonists tried to expand their power as they started to settle in the Western part of Ohio.
Blue Jacket Timeline
The following Blue Jacket timeline charts the resistance of this great Shawnee war chief against the encroachment of lands in Ohio.
1743: Blue Jacket was born c1743
1774: Lord Dumore's War. Americans defeated the Shawnee in the Battle of Point Pleasant, but Blue Jacket emerged as a strong Shawnee leader.
1775: The American Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783). Blue Jacket fought with the British against the American forces
1783: The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolutionary War the British abandoned their native allies and ceded the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River to the United States (the Northwest Territory).
1785: Native American Indians formed the Western Confederacy with the objective of keeping the Ohio River as a boundary between Indian lands and the United States.
1785: The Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) aka as Little Turtle's war erupted.
1790: Conflict with General Josiah Harmar who attempted to subdue Native Indians in the Northwest Territory. General Harmar was defeated by a tribal coalition led by Little Turtle of the of the Miami tribe and Blue Jacket in an engagement known as "Harmar's defeat"
1791: Battle of the Wabash on November 4, 1791. American Indians were led by Little Turtle and Blue Jacket won a major Native Indian victory against Americans led by General Arthur St. Clair.
1794: Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. The Legion of the United States, which was an extension of the United States Army, led by Major General Anthony Wayne defeated Blue Jacket and the Native Indians
1795: The Treaty of Greenville was signed on August 3, 1795 following the Battle of Fallen Timbers in which the Native Indians were forced to cede much of present-day Ohio to the United States
1795: The Treaty of Greenville was made on August 3, 1795 ended the Northwest Indian War
1805: The Treaty of Fort Industry was signed on July 4, 1805 in which Blue Jacket relinquished even more of Ohio
1810: The Death of Blue Jacket
1811: Chief Tecumseh continued the Shawnee fight during Tecumseh's War in a final attempt to reclaim Shawnee lands in the Ohio Country.