Fast Facts about
The following fact sheet contains interesting
facts, background history and information about
the life of Blue Jacket and the events in history that
led to his fame as a great Native American
Fast Facts about
Lifespan of Blue Jacket:
c1743 - c1810
Alternate Name: Weyapiersenwah
Place of Birth:
Deer Creek (present Ross County, Ohio)
Date of Birth:
Role War Chief of the Shawnee tribe
Date of Death:
Native Indian Allies:
European Allies and Wars: Fought with the
British in the 1774 Lord Dunmore's War and
in the War of Independence (1775 - 1783).
Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana
and Ohio, also known as Little Turtle's war.
Famous Battles: 1794
Battle of Fallen Timbers
The Treaty of Greenville (1795) and the
Treaty of Fort Industry (1805)
Blue Jacket was a famous Shawnee war chief who
opposed white encroachment and resisted against
white expansion. Little is known about Blue
Jacket's early life. He first appears in written
historical records in 1773, when he was already
a Shawnee war chief. Throughout Blue Jacket’s
life with the Shawnee tribe, it is known that he
fought under Little Turtle and they were at the
forefront of the white resistance when colonists
tried to expand their power as they started to
settle in the Western part of Ohio.
Blue Jacket Timeline
The following Blue Jacket timeline charts the
resistance of this great Shawnee war chief
against the encroachment of lands in Ohio.
1743: Blue Jacket was born c1743
1774: Lord Dumore's War.
the Shawnee in the Battle of Point Pleasant, but
Blue Jacket emerged as a strong Shawnee leader.
1775: The American Revolutionary War (1775 -
1783). Blue Jacket fought with the British
against the American forces
1783: The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the
American Revolutionary War the British abandoned
their native allies and ceded the land between
the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi
River to the United States (the Northwest
1785: Native American Indians formed the
Western Confederacy with the objective of
keeping the Ohio River as a boundary between
Indian lands and the United States.
1785: The Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) aka
as Little Turtle's war erupted.
1790: Conflict with General Josiah Harmar who
attempted to subdue Native Indians in the
Northwest Territory. General Harmar was defeated
by a tribal coalition led by Little Turtle of
the of the Miami tribe and Blue Jacket in an
engagement known as "Harmar's defeat"
1791: Battle of the Wabash on November 4, 1791.
American Indians were led by Little Turtle and
Blue Jacket won a major Native Indian victory
against Americans led by General Arthur St.
1794: Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20,
1794. The Legion of the United States, which
was an extension of the United States Army,
led by Major General Anthony Wayne defeated
Blue Jacket and the Native Indians
1795: The Treaty of Greenville was signed on
August 3, 1795 following the Battle of
Fallen Timbers in which the Native Indians
were forced to cede much of present-day Ohio
to the United States
1795: The Treaty of Greenville was made on
August 3, 1795 ended the Northwest Indian War
1805: The Treaty of Fort Industry was signed
on July 4, 1805 in which Blue Jacket
relinquished even more of Ohio
1810: The Death of Blue Jacket
1811: Chief Tecumseh continued the Shawnee fight
during Tecumseh's War in a final attempt
to reclaim Shawnee lands in the Ohio Country.