This article contains
interesting facts, pictures and information about
the life of the Shawnee Native American Indian Tribe
of the Great Plains.
and Definition: The Shawnee tribe were a nomadic
tribe of hunters and farmers who migrated across
many areas in the Northeast and Southeast. Many of the
Shawnee adopted European style clothes and favored
cloth turbans or bandana style head wear. The names of the most
famous chiefs of the Shawnee tribe included Chief
Cornstalk, Tecumseh (1768 – 1813) and Chief Blue
Jacket (c1743 - c1810).
Facts about the Shawnee Native Indian
This article contains fast, fun facts and
interesting information about the Shawnee Native
American Indian tribe. Find answers to questions
did the Shawnee tribe live, what clothes did they wear, what
did they eat and who were the names of their most
famous leaders? Discover what happened to the
Shawnee tribe with facts about their wars and
Where did the Shawnee tribe live?
The Shawnee tribe originated in the Tennessee
region around the Cumberland River but they
migrated to many other parts of America. The
Shawnee Home Tribal Territories were Tennessee,
South Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kansas,
Oklahoma and Texas.
Shawnee tribe adopted the lifestyles that were
best suited to the climate, geography and
natural resources of the different regions that
they lived in. Due to the semi-nomadic life of
the Shawnee they came into contact with the
tribes of various Native Indian cultures.
The Shawnee tribal groups included the Northeast
and Southeast Native Indian and even the Plains
cultures. Following the American Civil War, many
Shawnee in Kansas were blended into the Cherokee
Nation and were known as Cherokee Shawnee.
the Tennessee homelands
of the Shawnee Tribe
What did the Shawnee tribe live in?
Many of the nomadic Shawnee tribe lived in Wigwams,
aka wetus or wikkums, which are also known
as birchbark houses. This type of temporary
shelter was used by Algonquian speaking
Native Indian tribes who lived in the
Shawnee tribe - Wigwams
Wigwams, or wetus, are small cone-shaped
houses with an arched roof made of wooden
frames that are covered with woven mats and
sheets of birchbark which are held in place
by ropes or strips of wood. Some Shawnee
wigwams were covered with buffalo hides if
this was a major resource in the area
Wigwams were usually about 8-10 feet tall
and 10 - 15 feet wide at the base.
What language did the Shawnee tribe speak?
The Shawnee tribe spoke in the Algonquian language.
What food did the Shawnee tribe eat?
The food that the Shawnee tribe ate depended on
the resources that were available to them in the
area they lived in
The food of the Shawnee people who inhabited
the Great Plains region was
predominantly buffalo but also they also
hunted deer, bear and wild turkey.
Their diet was supplemented with roots and
wild fruit and vegetables
The food of the Shawnee Woodland people were fish and
small game including squirrel, deer,
raccoon, bear and beaver. Corn (maize),
pumpkin, squash and beans were also
The food of the people who inhabited the
Southeast included meat from animals such as
rabbits, wild hogs, turkeys, eagles,
opossums, raccoons and deer. Many farmed
crops of corn (maize), beans, dried fruit, pumpkins and nuts
What weapons did the Shawnee use?
The weapons used by the Shawnee tribe included
bows and arrows, a variety of different clubs,
hatchet axes, spears, lances and knives. The
rifle was added to their weapons with the advent
of the white settlers.
What clothes did the Shawnee tribe wear?
The clothes worn by the Shawnee tribe were dictated by
the climate. In warm climates they wore
breechcloths in the summer and in cold climates
they wore fringed tunics or shirts and leggings.
Warm robes or cloaks were also worn to protect
against the cold and the rain. The Shawnee tribe
also adopted the types of clothes worn by the
white settlers and that were available through
trade. Shawnee men wore cloth shirts made of
cotton or calico, and European style trousers or
pants. Their jackets were often in the style of
frock coats. Cloth turbans or a type of bandana
were a popular form of headwear. Their turbans
were made of a woolen shawl, sometimes covered
with a piece of calico or even silk. The turbans
were occasionally encircled by a band of metal
(tin or siver) and adorned by feathers.
Who were the most famous leaders and chiefs of
the Shawnee tribe?
The most famous leaders and chiefs of the Shawnee
tribe included Chief Cornstalk,
Tecumseh (1768 – 1813) and Chief
Chief Blue Jacket (c1743 - c1810).
Shawnee History Timeline: What happened to the Shawnee tribe?
The history of the Shawnee people dates back to
the ancient Adena culture.
The following history timeline details facts,
dates and famous landmarks and battles fought by
the Nation. The Shawnee timeline explains
what happened to the people of their tribe.
Shawnee History Timeline
1000: Woodland Period including the
Adena and Hopewell cultures established
along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern
United States which included trade exchange systems
1677: French trader Claude-Charles Le
Roy Bacqueville de la Potherie made the
first white contact and established good
relations with the tribe
1670's: The Shawnee trade extensively
with the French
1689: The French and Indian Wars
(1689-1763) erupted between France and
Great Britain and their respective Indian allies.
The Shawnee tribe, led by Chief
Cornstalk, sided with the French
1778: Daniel Boone was captured by the
tribe and warned to leave "Kentucky", he
managed to escape
1774: The tribe were defeated in Lord
Dunmore's War along the Ohio River
1774: The Americans defeated the Shawnee
in the Battle of Point Pleasant (October
6, 1774) and Chief Beanstalk was killed.
Blue Jacket emerged as a strong
1775: The American Revolutionary War (1775 -
1783). The Shawnees fought with the British
against the American forces
1783: The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the
American Revolutionary War the British abandoned
their native allies and ceded the land between
the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi
River to the United States (the Northwest
1782: The Shawnee joined by the
Western Confederacy of tribes including
the Delaware, Wyandot, Miami, Ottawa,
Chippewa, and Mingo. Their objective was
to keep the Ohio River as a boundary
between Indian lands and the United
States and to remove settlers from
Kentucky and Ohio
1785: The Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) aka
as Little Turtle's war erupted
"Harmar's defeat" - General Josiah Harmar
was defeated in his
attempts to subdue Native Indians in the
1791: Battle of the Wabash on November 4, 1791.
American Indians were led by Little Turtle and
Blue Jacket won a major Native Indian victory
against Americans led by General Arthur St.
1794: Battle of Fallen Timbers on August
20, 1794. Major General Anthony Wayne
defeated Blue Jacket and the Native
1795: The Treaty of Greenville was
signed on August 3, 1795 following the
Battle of Fallen Timbers in which the
Native Indians were forced to cede much
of present-day Ohio to the United States
1795: The Treaty of Greenville was made on
August 3, 1795 that ended the Northwest Indian War
1805: The Treaty of Fort Industry was
signed on July 4, 1805 in which Blue
Tecumseh relinquished even more of
1810: The Death of Blue Jacket.
Tecumseh continued the Shawnee fight
during Tecumseh's War in a final attempt
to reclaim Shawnee lands in the Ohio Country.
1815: Shawnee are moved into Arkansas
and in 1820 moved to Texas
1830: The Indian Removal Act was passed
calling for the relocation of all tribes
to “Indian Territory” west of the
1831: August 8, Treaty at Wapaghkonnetta
and Hog creek in Ohio. Land ceded and
removed to land west of Missouri
1832: The Treaty of 1832 called for the
removal of all Shawnee to the west
1832: Wapakoneta Shawnee leave Ohio and
removed west of the Missouri River, into
1833: Hog Creek Shawnee removed to
1861-65: supported the Union during the
1867: Shawnee located on three
reservations in Indian Territory. The
Absentee Shawnee from Texas settled with
the Potawatomi, the Kansas Shawnee moved
to the Cherokee reservation. Other tribe
members settled in Ottawa County,
Interesting Facts and information about the way the people lived
The clothes worn by men and women
of the homes and the type of food the Shawnee would eat
Fast Facts and info about the Shawnee
famous chiefs and leaders
Homework resource for kids on the history of the Shawnee
Native American Indians
Pictures and Videos of Native American Indians and their
The Shawnee Tribe was one of the most famous tribes of
the Great Plains Native American Indians.
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pictures on the subject of the tribes of Famous Native Americans
such as the Shawnee nation. The pictures show the clothing,
and decorations of various Native Indian tribes, such as
the Shawnee tribe, that can
be used as a really useful
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