Black Hawk married after the War of 1812 to Singing Bird and although polygamy was being practiced by their tribe, he only had one wife. Back in 1804, the American government had an agreement with those that came before Black Hawk that the Native Americans are allowed to stay in their lands. However, the catch was the time limit of 24 years. It was the time frame in which the treaty was effective and Black Hawk reportedly did not know about this clause.
The Black Hawk War
Early in April 1832, he attempted to return to Illinois. General Henry Atkinson discovered that Black Hawk had crossed the river with more than 1000 Sauk and Fox Native Indians. This action was a migration but the government viewed it as an armed invasion, General Henry Atkinson and the American settlers viewed the movement as hostile, and on April 10, 1832 the Black Hawk War began. Black Hawk defeated the brigades of militia on May 14, 1832 and won several other minor skirmishes. However, the situation soon changed and Black Hawk's warriors were defeated August 2, 1832, at the mouth of the Bad Axe in Wisconsin. Black Hawk surrendered at Fort Crawford, and the Sauk tribe formally ceded all their lands to the United States of America. Black Hawk became a famous prisoner of war and was presented to the different nations in the United States and in Europe. After his release he lived in Iowa, dying there October 3, 1838.
"You have taken me prisoner with all my warriors. I am much grieved, for I expected to hold out much longer
and give you more trouble before I surrendered."
The Story of Black Hawk
For additional facts and information refer to the legend and the Story of Black Hawk and the Story of the Black Hawk War.
- Interesting Facts and information about this famous chief
- The life of Black Hawk, this famous Native American Indian Chief
- The Name of his Native American Indian Tribe: Sauk
- Fast Facts and info about Black Hawk
- Interesting Homework resource for kids on Black Hawk, a famous chief of the Sauk tribe
- Black Hawk and the Sauk and the Fox tribes
Pictures and Videos of Native American Indians and their Tribes
Black Hawk! Discover the vast selection of pictures on the subject of the tribes of Famous Native Americans such as Black Hawk. The pictures show the clothing, war paint, weapons and decorations of various Native Indian tribes, such as the Sauk tribe of Black Hawk, that can be used as a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages studying famous Native Americans such as Black Hawk. We hope you enjoy watching the video - just click and play - a great educational resource for kids.