History of Virginia

Iroquois Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Virginia.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Virginia resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Virginia Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Virginia Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Virginia
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Virginia led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Virginia Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Virginia
The map of Virginia provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Virginia Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Virginia.


State Map of Virginia

State Map showing location of Virginia

State Map showing location of Virginia Indians


Names of the Virginia Indian Tribes
Virginia is a state in the eastern United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Virginia. The names of the Virginia tribes included the Cherokee, Iroquois, Manahoac, Meherrin, Monacan, Nottaway, Occaneechi, Saponi and Shawnee.

History of Virginia Indians - The French Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included Virginia, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various Virginia Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of Virginia Indians
The way of life and history of Virginia Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Virginia. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Virginia Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Virginia Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Virginia Indians.

  • Name of State: Virginia
  • Meaning of State name: Named after Queen Elizabeth I of England - the "Virgin Queen"
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Virginia: Mountains, valleys and coastal plain
  • Culture adopted by Virginia Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses

History Timeline of the Virginia Indians
The history and the way of life of Virginia Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Virginia Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Virginia Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Virginia Indians.

Virginia History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Virginia

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 AD: Woodland Period - homes were established along rivers and trade exchange systems and burial systems were established

1614: 1614 Violent confrontation between hundreds of English and Powhatan men on the Pamunkey River, Virginia

1622: 1622-1624 The Powhatan Wars, battles and conflicts in Virginia between colonists and American Native Indians. Also refer to Powhatan

1675: 1675-l676 Bacon's Rebellion, and the Declaration of the People
War with Susquehannocks in Maryland

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1758: The Anglo-Cherokee War (17581761) - The Cherokee uprising in present-day Tennessee, Virginia and the Carolinas

1775: Lord Dunmore's War in Southern Ohio. Governor Dunmore commanded a force to defeat the Shawnee, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Ohio, down the Ohio River.

1774: Lord Dunmore's War. Governor Dunmore commanded a force to defeat the Shawnee, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Ohio, down the Ohio River.

1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Virginia

State of Virginia History Timeline

History of Virginia Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Virginia had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Virginia Indians.


  • History of Virginia Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Virginia Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Virginia tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Virginia
  • History Timeline of the Virginia Indians

State of Virginia Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Virginia Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Virginia Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Virginia Indians..


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