Names of the Ohio Indian Tribes
Ohio is a state of the north-central United States in the Great Lakes region. The tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy drove out the native tribes of the Ohio valley during the Beaver Wars. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Ohio. The names of the Ohio tribes included the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Delaware, Erie, Ottawa, and Potawatomi (see above picture), Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Huron (Wyandot) and Shawnee.
Fast Facts about the History of Ohio Indians
The way of life and history of Ohio Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Ohio. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Ohio Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Ohio Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Ohio Indians.
- Name of State: Ohio
- Meaning of State name: From the Iroquois Indian word for "beautiful river."
- Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Ohio: Rolling plains and plateau areas
- Culture adopted by Ohio Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
- Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
- Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
- Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses
History Timeline of the Ohio Indians
The history and the way of life of Ohio Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Ohio Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Ohio Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Ohio Indians.
Ohio History Timeline
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Ohio
10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.
7500 BC: Eastern Woodland Culture of Fisher Hunters begins. Permanent houses and farming
7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
1700 BC: Mound Builders culture, a feature of many Woodland tribes. Two of these mounds in Ohio are called "Serpent Mound" and "Alligator Mound"
Great Serpent Mound in Ohio
1000 AD: Woodland Period including the Adena culture (mounds, a burial complex and ceremonial system. The Adena lived in a variety of locations, including: Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky, and parts of Pennsylvania and New York.) and Hopewell cultures
1000 AD: Woodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems
1689: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the French and the Algoquian speaking tribes were allied to the British. The French and Indian Wars was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies consisting of:
King William's War (1688-1699)
Queen Anne's War (1702-1713)
King George's War (1744 - 1748)
French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)
1750: The Ohio Company of Virginia claims the Ohio region for England
1751: Christopher Gist explores the region along the Ohio River
1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars
1763: Treaty of Paris
1764: 1764 Indian War / Pontiac's Conspiracy aka Pontiac's Rebellion broke out in the Ohio River Valley.. The British treated the former Indian allies of the French like conquered peoples, which prompted the Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) to lead a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British
1775: Lord Dunmore's War in Southern Ohio. Governor Dunmore commanded a force to defeat the Shawnee, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Ohio, down the Ohio River.
1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.
1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
1785: Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio, also known as Little Turtle's war - see Little Turtle. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794.
1794: General "Mad Anthony" Wayne's victory at Fallen Timbers in Ohio ends Indian attacks in Kentucky
1795: Treaty of Greenville temporarily ends the Indian Wars in Ohio
1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1811: 1811 William Henry Harrison led forces at the Battle of Tippecanoe against the Shawnee lead by Chief Tecumseh, a victory that reduced the Native American threat in the Old Northwest
1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1830: Indian Removal Act
1832: Department of Indian Affairs established
1842: The Wyandots, Ohio's last Indian tribe, leave Ohio
1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.
1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Ohio
State of Ohio History Timeline
History of Ohio Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Ohio had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Ohio Indians.
- History of Ohio Indians
- Interesting Facts and information about the Ohio Culture and History
- Names of indigenous Ohio tribes of Indians
- Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
- Map of Ohio
- History Timeline of the Ohio Indians
State of Ohio Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Ohio Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Ohio Indians will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Ohio Indians..