History of Illinois Indians Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.
Stone Age History of Illinois The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Illinois led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Illinois Indians are detailed in this article.
Map of Illinois The map of Illinois provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Illinois Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Illinois.
State Map of Illinois
State Map showing location of Illinois Indians
Names of the Illinois Indian Tribes At the point of contact with the Europeans there were two Native American groups inhabited the State of Illinois. The Illinois Indians was a collection of twelve tribes and the Miami tribes who lived in villages. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Illinois. The names of the Illinois tribes included the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Shawnee, Sauk and Fox tribes.
The Illinois Confederacy The Illinois confederacy of Algonquian tribes who inhabited parts of Wisconsin, consisted of a group of six united tribes called the Illinois, Iowa and Missouri, Cahokia, Kaskaskia, Michigamea, Moingwena, Peoria, and Tamaroa. They were all part of the Algonquian family. The word 'Illini' meant "superior men." The enemies of the Illinois Confederacy were the illinois were almost constantly harassed by the Sioux, Fox, and other northern tribes.
Fast Facts about the History of Illinois Indians The way of life and history of Illinois Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Illinois. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Illinois Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Illinois Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Illinois Indians.
Name of State: Illinois
Meaning of State name: Meaning “Men or warriors,” the name of a confederacy of Algonquian tribes.
Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Illinois: Prairies and fertile plains throughout; open hills in the southern region
Culture adopted by Illinois Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses
History Timeline of the Illinois Indians The history and the way of life of Illinois Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Illinois Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Illinois Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Illinois Indians.
Illinois History Timeline
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Illinois
Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic large-game hunters of animals including the Great Mammoth.
Eastern Woodland Culture of Fisher Hunters begins. Permanent houses and farming
Pontiac's Rebellion broke out in the Ohio River Valley. The Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) to lead a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
Conflict erupts between settlers and Native Indians including the Illinois, Iroquois, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Shawnee, Sauk and Fox tribes throughout the 1800's
Kaskaskia Indians cede nearly all of their lands
The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
Potawatomi Indians massacre at Fort Dearborn
Peoria War was a battle between the U. S. Army, settlers and the Native American tribes of the Potawatomi and the Kickapoo tribes in the Peoria area of Illinois. Their villages were attacked and the tribes left the area. Battles and conflicts resumed in the Winnebago War of 1827 and the Black Hawk War of 1832 - see Black Hawk.
Winnebago War (Fever River expedition) against the Winnebago Indians in Illinois
Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi cede lands
Indian Removal Act
Black Hawk War occurred in Northern Illinois, Michigan, Southwestern Wisconsin including the Battle of Bad Axe
Department of Indian Affairs established
Cherokee Indians pass through Illinois on the "Trail of Tears" to Oklahoma
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.
U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
The consolidated Peoria, Kaskaskia, Wea, and Piankashaw numbered only 149
All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Illinois
State of Illinois History Timeline
History of Illinois Indians - Destruction and Decline The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Illinois had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Illinois Indians.
History of Illinois Indians
Interesting Facts and information about the Illinois Culture and History
Names of indigenous Illinois tribes of Indians
Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
Map of Illinois
History Timeline of the Illinois Indians
State of Illinois Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos State of Illinois Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Illinois Indians will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Illinois Indians..