Indian History Timeline

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Sioux and Choctaw Lacrosse players by caitlin

This Indian Timeline provides history, facts and information about famous people, important events and key dates in chronological order. Discover the major events in the Indian history via this Native American timeline.

Important dates in a fast date order format providing the sequence of important past events, which were of considerable significance to the Native American Indians, via the Native American Timeline.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

Indian History Timeline

The Indian Timeline begins with the ancient cultures of the Native Americans. The Native American Timeline then details the impact of the European colonists and settlers, the main Indian Wars. The Indian Timeline ends with the removal of the Native Americans from their homelands to the Indian reservations.

The Tribe Location Map provides an instant overview of the Indian tribes in the early 1800's. The Native American Indians are defined by their culture groups according to their location which influenced their lifestyle due to the environment and climate in different parts of North America.

Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Native American Timeline - simple to read with fast facts about the history of the Native Indians. 

 

Tribe Location Map

Tribe Location Map

 

Indian Timeline - Stone Age to 1400's
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates from the Pre-Historic Stone Age to the 1400's.

For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to
Colonial America Time Period and the 13 Colonies Timeline

 

Indian Timeline - Stone Age to 1400's


Timeline

 


10,000B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.


9000BCClovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point


7500BCFolsom Culture (named after artefacts found at Folsom, New Mexico. These people used flint arrow point in the shape of a leaf)


7500BCEastern Woodland Culture of Fisher Hunters begins. Permanent houses and farming


7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

4000BCOld Copper culture begins in the Great Lakes region in which native copper was utilized to produce a wide variety of tools axes, adzes, arrow head points, knives, fishhooks and harpoons


2500 BCGulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery


2000BCPecos Culture begins with changes in architecture, art and pottery for the people who lived in a semi-arid environment


1100BCAnasazi build cliff cities at Mesa Verde, Colorado


1700BCMound Builders culture, a feature of many Woodland tribes


1000ADWoodland Period including the Adena culture (mounds, a burial complex and ceremonial system. The Adena lived in a variety of locations, including: Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky, and parts of Pennsylvania and New York.) and Hopewell cultures


1000ADWoodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems


1000

Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States


c1450

Iroquois Confederacy creates a constitution. The tribes of the Iroquois League include the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca


1492Christopher Columbus discovers America


Timeline

 

Indian Timeline - Stone Age to 1400's

Indian Timeline - Indian Tribes
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1500's.

Indian Timeline - 1500's

Timeline

 


1500

The Europeans brought diseases such as typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, smallpox, measles, whooping cough and influenza to the indigenous population. Their numbers fell from eighty million to under one million in less than five hundred years


1513

Alonzo de Pineda explores gulf Coast of America (Florida area) and encounters Calusan Indians


1524

Giovanni Verrazano discovers New York Bay


1528

Panfilo de Narvaez explores Florida
Alvar Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas, Arizona and New Mexico


1534

Jacques Cartier explores the Great Lakes and the the St. Lawrence River


1539

Hernando de Soto explores the Southeast of North America which leads to the Napituca Massacre.


1540

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado explores Southwestern North America and Mexico fighting the Choctaw tribe and defeating the Zuni Pueblo Indians.


1541

Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explores Kansas and New Mexico leading to the Tiguex War


1542

Cabrillo explores and discovers the Californian coastal area


1559

Tristan de Luna explores North America

1563

Francisco de Ibarra explores New Mexico

1576

English explorer Sir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait


1584

English explorers Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (both in the service of Sir Walter Raleigh) explore the coast of North Carolina


1585Sir Walter Raleigh reaches Roanoke Island and establishes the Virginia colony of Roanoke Island


1598

Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado

Timeline

 

Indian Timeline - 1500's

Indian Timeline - Indian Tribes
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1600's.

 

Indian Timeline - 1600's

Timeline

 


1607

Captain John Smith explorer and founder of Jamestown

1609

The Jamestown Colonists endure the 'Starving Time'


1609

Henry Hudson explores North eastern North America including the Hudson River


1620Pocahontas marries John Rolfe


1620The Mayflower and the Pilgrim Fathers arrived at Plymouth to found first colony in New England


1622First Indian uprising in an English colony (Virginia).1622-1624 The Powhatan Confederacy in Virginia between colonists and Indians


1637The First Reservations were established by Puritans near New Haven, Connecticut

1638The Pequot War


1640 1640 - 1701 - The Beaver Wars


1655 1655 - The Peach Tree War


16751675 - 1677 King Philip's War


16801680-1692: The Pueblo Revolt


16881688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain and their respective Indian allies


Timeline

 

Indian Timeline - 1600's

Indian Timeline - Indian Tribes
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1700's. Between 1787 and 1868, 371 treaties were signed between the U.S. and American Indian Tribes.

Indian Timeline - 1700's

Timeline

 


1700

The Indian Horse culture leads to the migration of many Woodland tribes to the Great Plains. The tribes include the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, Sioux and Comanche


1711Fox Wars 1701-1742: First Fox War (1712–1716) and the Second Fox War (1728–1733).
 

17121711-1715: The Tuscarora War led by Chief Hancock


17291729 Following the Natchez Wars of 1716, 1722 and 1723 the Natchez Rebellion (1729–1731) when Natchez Indians massacre 250 people at Fort Rosalie. 


1715The Yamasee War against the white settlements in South Carolina


1736The Chickasaw Wars (1736, 1739 and 1752) were fought between the Chickasaw allied with the British against the French and their allies the Choctaws and Illini.


17541754 - 1763: The French Indian War (1754-1763) is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up Florida to the British.


1763

Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War (1754-1763)

1764Pontiac's Rebellion against the Britishin the Ohio River Valley


1774

December 16: The Boston Tea Party


1775Lord Dunmore's War in Southern Ohio


1776

Chickamauga Wars (1776–1794)

1785

Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio.

Timeline

 

Indian Timeline - 1700's
 

 

Indian Timeline - Indian Tribes
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1800's. Between 1787 and 1868, 371 treaties were signed between the U.S. and American Indian Tribes.

 

Indian Timeline - 1800's

Timeline

 


1803Louisiana Purchase

1803(1803–1806) Louis and Clark Expedition

1811

(1811–1813) Tecumseh's War and the Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia


1813

Peoria War (1813)


1812

War of 1812 begins

 


1817

First Seminole War (1817–1818)

 


1827

Cherokee tribe form their own republic


1827

Winnebago War (1827)


1830Indian Removal Act


1832

Black Hawk War occurred in Northern Illinois and Southwestern Wisconsin

Department of Indian Affairs was established

 


1835Creek Alabama Uprising (1835–1837)


1835Second Seminole War (1835–1842) in the Florida everglade area. Under Chief Osceola


1837

Osage Indian War (1837) with the Osage Indians in Missouri

 


1838The Cherokee were the last of the Five Civilised Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Seminal and Chickasaw) to take the enforced march on the tragic Trail of Tears

 


18491846 - 1863 The Navajo conflicts in New Mexico and Arizona


1851Fort Laramie Treaty


18541854 - 1890 The Sioux Wars, aka Plains Indians Wars, in South Dakota, Minnesota and Wyoming led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull


1855

1855 - 1856 Rogue River War in Oregon

 


1855

Third Seminole War (1855–1858) in Florida


1861

American Civil War (1861 - 1865)


1862

U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
Minnesota uprising

 


1861

1861 - 1900 Apache Wars in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas led by Geronimo and Cochise.


1865

1865 - 1869 Building of Union Pacific Railroad brings settlers to the Great Plains

 


1865

1865 1868 and in 1879: Ute Wars broke out in Utah due to Mormon settlers taking over their lands

 


1868

Red Cloud, Chief of the Sioux, defeats the U.S. army in battle

 


1872

1872 - 1873 Modoc War in California and Oregon led by Captain Jack


1874

Red River War in Northern Texas


1876

Battle of the Rosebud in Montana. Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne under Crazy Horse cut off reinforcements intended to help Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.


1877

Nez Perce War in Oregon, Montana and Idaho led by Chief Joseph


1879

Ponca Chief Standing Bear wins a case to become a U. S. citizen


1887

Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers


18901890 The Wounded Knee Massacre in South Dakota


Timeline

 

Indian Timeline - 1800's

Indian Timeline - Indian Tribes
Discover the information and facts about the history of the Indians via this Indian Timeline. This section of the Indian Timeline details key events and dates in the 1900's.

 

Indian Timeline - 1900's

Timeline

 


1907Charles Curtis is the first American Indian elected to the U.S. Senate

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1969American Indian Movement (AIM)

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

Indian Timeline - 1900's

Indian Timeline
The Indian Timeline provides interesting facts and information about the indigenous population of North America beginning with the ancient cultures of the Native Americans. The Native American Timeline then provides basic facts and information on the impact of the Anglo-European colonists and white settlers and the main Indian Wars. The Indian Timeline ends with the removal of the Native Americans from their homelands to the Indian reservations, many of which are based in the present day State of Oklahoma.

 

Indian Timeline

  • Interesting Facts and information via the Indian Timeline
  • Indian Timeline with famous tribes of Indians and their chiefs
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  • The Indian Timeline is great history resource for kids
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Pictures and Videos of Indian Timeline
The Indian Timeline. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native Americans that can be used as a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages. Our series of videos enable fast access to the images, pics, paintings and pictures together with information and many facts. We hope that this article on Indian Timeline will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great educational resource for kids on the subject of Indian Timeline.

 

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