Stone Weapons

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Discover interesting facts and information about the  weapons, including the Stone Weapons, used by Native American Indian tribes.

  • Types of Stone Weapons
  • Description and names  of Native American Stone Weapons
  • Making Stone Weapons - method of construction
  • List and chart of Stone Weapons
  • Interesting facts and information about Native American Stone Weapons
Stone Tools
Native Indian Weapons and Tools
Native Indian Tribes Index

Stone Weapons

Flint and chert were the most effective stone to use when making a Stone Age weapon. The process of making stone weapons from flint was called Flint Knapping and the weapon makers were called Flint knappers. Many Stone Weapons were made from a combination of materials. An arrow or spear had a stone Arrowhead, or point, that was attached to a wooden handle and held together with a cord usually made from animal sinew or with a type of glue.

Chart and List of Stone Weapons
The following chart and list of Stone Weapons provides the names of the different types of stone weapons used by people living in a Stone Age culture, such as the Native Americans, including pictures, images and their descriptions.
 

List and Chart of Stone Weapons

 

Names of Stone Weapons


 

Description and Types of Stone Weapon
 

 
 Projectile Points A projectile point was a stone blade that was hafted to a projectile, such as a spear, dart, arrow, or throwing knife. Tanged points are projectile points that have a tang at one end to facilitate hafting. Projectile points fall into two general types, the large Spears and the smaller arrow points.

Clovis Point

Clovis points are leaf-shaped and had a wide groove on both sides of the base for fitting into short wooden spear shafts.
 

 
 Arrowheads An arrowhead weapon point or tip made of flintstone usually fixed to an arrow or a spear. Arrowhead points were smaller than spear points and penetrated skin more deeply than when fired by a bow.
 
 
 Spears A Spear is a long, pointed weapon, used in war and hunting, by thrusting or throwing. Also refer to The Lance


 

 
 

Bow and Arrow (stone arrowheads)


 
The Bow and Arrows were the most common types of weapons used by Native Americans. Different types and sizes of bows and arrows were designed for hunting and for fighting. Bows for horse back riders were smaller than those used on foot. The Bow and Arrow provided a long range, accurate weapon with a deadly, sharp arrowhead. Also refer to Quivers and Poisoned Arrows


 

 
 Axes
 
The axe had a heavy bladed head 'hafted' to a handle made of wood

 
 Knives A knife was always carried by the Native American Indian. They varied in size and would be held in a sheath at their side or small knives were hung around the neck. Refer to Knife and Dagger and Knife Sheaths

Knife and Sheath

Knives were flaked from stone to form one or more cutting edges. Knives were essential tools used for cutting meat, hides, wood and food.

Stone Knife
 

 
 War Clubs The hitting edge of the war club was rounded and measured between 20 and 30 inches long.

War Club
 

 
 Jawbone Clubs A jawbone club weapon was constructed out of the jawbone of a buffalo or a horse, although not made of stone this was in common use during the Stone Age. The hitting edge of the weapon was sharpened and the teeth were left inside keeping the jaw bone intact. The jawbone club was used as a close combat weapon and had the ability to cut through the chest of an opponent.


 

 
 Hatchets A Hatchet is a small axe with a short handle that was used with one hand.


 

 
 Battle hammers A Battle Hammer has a blunt, hammer-like head on one side of the handle or shaft, and usually a beak or point on the opposite side.

Battle hammer
 

 
 Stone Weapons:
Axe-Like Club
 The Axe-like club is illustrated in the picture at the top of the page.


 

 
 Stone Ball Club The Ball club was primitive but lethal. It consisted of a round-headed stone that was completely covered in heavy buckskin or rawhide and attached to a wooden handle. The head was relatively free-moving


 

 
 Tomahawks
 
The Tomahawk was a Native American axe-like weapon that had a wooden handle with a head made of stone. The tomahawk could be used for close contact fighting or as a throwing weapon.


 

 
 Fixed Ball Club The Fixed Ball club was used with the intention of breaking the enemy's jaw with a violent upward thrust.


 

 
 

Slings / Slingshots
 

 Slings / Slingshots were one of the oldest and most primitive weapons. Two pieces of cord made from plant fiber or sinew were tied to a leather pouch to hold the sling stones or pebbles.


 

 
 

Names of Weapon


 

Description and Types of Weapon
 

 

Types of Stone Weapons

 

 

Native American Stone Weapons
Native American stone weapons included tomahawks, axes, lance, bow and arrows, knives, war clubs, arrowheads, battle hammers, jawbone clubs and slingshots. Various embellishments were added to Native American weapons such as engraving and the addition of quills and feathers. Although basic in design these primitive weapons were still deadly. We have sorted the different types of weapons into four basic categories based on their functions:

  • Cutting weapons e.g. Knives
  • Striking weapons e.g. war clubs and axes
  • Throwing weapons e.g. tomahawks
  • Piercing weapons e.g. bows and arrows

Native Indian Stone Weapons

 

Stone Weapons

  • Pictures of Stone Weapons for kids
  • Description and definition of the Stone Weapons
  • Materials required to make a Stone Weapons
  • Types of Stone Weapons
  • The use of the Stone Weapons and method of fighting
  • Interesting facts and information about Stone Weapons for kids and schools

 

Stone Weapons - Pictures and Videos of Native Americans
Stone Weapons. Discover the interesting facts and information which relate to the History of Stone Weapons. The pictures on this site show the weapons and tools that were used by various Native Indian tribes that can be used as a really useful educational history resource for kids and children of all ages. We have included pictures and videos to accompany the main topic of this section - Stone Weapons. The videos enable fast access to the images, paintings and pictures together with information and many historical facts - a great educational resource for kids providing an unusual insight into their culture.

 

Stone Weapons - Native American Indians - Weapon - Stone Weapons - Battle - Hunting - Fighting - Use - Materials - Description - Stone Weapons - Culture - Stone Weapons - Kids - Info - Information - Stone Weapons - Early - Children - Facts - History - Pics - Stone Weapons - American Indian - Indian - Stone Weapons - Teaching resource - Teachers - Stone Weapons - Kids - Stone Weapons - Written By Linda Alchin