Tuscarora War


Tuscarora Camp

Tuscarora Camp

The History of the Tuscarora War including details of the cause, reason, and summary. The dates and years of the Indian wars - when the war started and when the conflict ended.

  • Summary & Definition of the Tuscarora War
  • Causes and Effects of the Tuscarora War
  • Fast Facts and interesting information
  • Result and Significance of the Tuscarora War
  • History Timeline, Names and Dates
  • Interesting facts and information about the significance, specific events and famous leaders of the Tuscarora War
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Tuscarora War Summary and Definition

Tuscarora War Summary and Definition: The Tuscarora War was a fought between colonists and settlers and various  indigenous tribes in the area of North Carolina (North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729). The Tuscarora tribe of Iroquoian speaking Indians were led by Chief Hancock in the south of the region.  The Tuscarora War erupted due to land encroachment by the colonists, trade disputes and the actions of some settlers in enslaving some of the Tuscarora Indians. John Lawson,  the Surveyor General of North Carolina, turned a 'blind eye' to these activities and was captured and executed by the Tuscarora tribe in 1711, which started the war. Chief Hancock enlisted the help of the Pamplico, Cothechney, Core, Mattamuskeet and the Matchepungoe tribes. Chief Tom Blunt in the North of the region refused to join the forces of Chief Hancock and sided with the British. Expeditions against the Tuscarora consisting of militia and Indian allies, including the Yamasee, were led by Colonel John Barnwell and Colonel James Moore. Chief Tom Blunt captured Chief Hancock who was executed by the British. There were many casualties in this bloody conflict - and Indian captives were sold into slavery. The Tuscarora tribe were forced to leave the area to escape from the colonists and settled in New York. The Tuscarora later became the sixth nation in the Iroquois Confederacy. The Yamasee became discontent with the British leading to the Yamasee War in 1715.

Fast Facts about the Tuscarora War
Who fought in the Tuscarora War? When did the conflict start and when did the conflict end? What were the causes of the Tuscarora War? What was the significance of the Tuscarora War? What were the results and effects of the Tuscarora War? Interesting history and facts about the Tuscarora War:

Fast Facts about the Tuscarora War
 Name of Conflict: Tuscarora War
 
 Alternative Names for the Tuscarora War:
 Chief Hancock's War 
 Year the Tuscarora War started: 1711
 
 
 Year the Tuscarora War ended: 1715
 
 
 Combatants in the Tuscarora War: British, American, Dutch, and German colonists and settlers and Indian allies
 
 
 Combatants in the Tuscarora War: Tuscarora, Pamplico, Cothechney, Core, Mattamuskeet and the Matchepungoe tribes
 
 
 Result of the Tuscarora War: Victory for the settlers and colonists. A peace treaty was eventually signed in June 1718, although hostilities had mostly ceased before this date
 
 
 Famous Leaders in the Tuscarora War: The British were led by Edward Hyde, Colonel John Barnwell and Colonel James Moore. Chief Tom Blount sided with the British
The Tuscarora belligerents were led by Chief Hancock who was executed by the British in 1712
 
 
Fast Facts about the Tuscarora War
 

Specific Causes of the Tuscarora War
What were the specific causes of the Tuscarora War? The specific causes of the Tuscarora War at a local level were:

  • Some of the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht that ended the Queen Anne's War were ambiguous, and concerns of various Indian tribes were not included in the treaty, which resulted in future conflicts in the French and Indian Wars and the Tuscarora War
  • Land: Disputes over Tuscarora Native Indian homelands increased
  • A series of forts were built to house the forces of the United States Army antagonising the indigenous tribes
  • The treatment of the Tuscarorans and the practise of selling captives, including women and children into slavery

History & Causes Tuscarora War - Political Policies and Beliefs
What were the causes of the Tuscarora War? Some of the history and causes of the Indian Wars were dictated by political policies and beliefs which shaped the historical background to the causes of the Tuscarora War

  • Colonialism: In the 1700's the Europeans brought with them the system of colonialism, primarily to generate income, which encompassed "the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas." A major cause of conflict in the 1700's
  • Culture Clash: Distrust and hostilities grew between the indigenous population of the region and the Europeans as the number of newcomers increased leading to the inevitable culture clash. The British treated the Tuscarora tribe badly, taking their lands and enslaving their people

Tuscarora Indian

Tuscarora Indian

 

 

History Timeline of the Tuscarora War
This short History Timeline of the Tuscarora War provides fast facts and information about the history, years & dates, key events and famous people who fought in the Tuscarora War.
 

History Timeline of the Tuscarora War

1700The Tuscarora were a powerful tribe in Carolina and had established numerous large villages in the area. The Tuscarora primarily lived on the Roanoke, Tar, Pamlico, and Neuse Rivers.

N.B. North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729
 

 

1702(1702-1713) Queen Anne's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.
 
 

1710Colonists established the town of New Bern in an area occupied by the Tuscarora tribe in one of their villages called Chattoka
 
 

1711September 1711: John Lawson,  the Surveyor General of North Carolina, was captured and executed by the Tuscarora tribe in retaliation for the encroachment of Tuscarora lands by the colonists and the kidnapping and enslavement of tribe members
 
 

171122 September 1711: Chief Hancock leads the Tuscarora against the colonists and 130 settlers are killed along the Pamlico, Neuse and Trent Rivers
 
 

1711October 27: The governor of South Carolina, Edward Hyde, orders Colonel John Barnwell, with 600 militia and about three hundred Indian allies to head a retaliatory expedition against the tribe. More than 300 Indians were killed, and over 100 made prisoners, mostly women, and subsequently sold into slavery
 
 

1712January 30: John Barnwell and his men destroys the Tuscarora village at Narhantes 

1712April 7: Siege of Chief Hancock's village Catechna begins 

1712April 17: Chief Hancock's village falls to the colonists 

1712The fighting escalated and the British eventually bribed Chief Blunt and his forces to change sides and fight with the colonists
 
 

1712August 8: Carolina sends the Moore expedition totalling nearly 1000 including Indian allies, against the Tuscarora villages
 
 

1712Chief Blunt captures Chief Hancock and the settlers execute him 

1713March 1: The Siege of  Neoheroka
 
 

1713March 23: The Southern Tuscarora lose Neoheroka with over 1,000 people killed or captured
 
 

1713Many of the Southern Tuscarora leave the area to escape from the colonists and headed for New York.
 
 

1718June 1718: Chief Tom Blunt was recognized by the Legislature of North Carolina as King Tom Blount and granted 56,000 acres of land on the Roanoke River under the  treaty with the colony in June 1718
 
 
History Timeline of the Tuscarora War

The Significance and Effects of the Tuscarora War
The effects and significance of the Tuscarora in history is that the tribe was forced to leave their homelands. The languages, culture, religion, beliefs and ceremonies of conquered people fell into decline as they were absorbed into the Iroquois confederation. The number of people of the Tuscarora nation have significantly and sadly diminished. Their demise led to the prosperity of the white settlers and colonists who gained the land, natural resources and wealth of their lands. A direct result of the Tuscarora War highlighted the inability of the Lords Proprietors to act decisively and led to separate governments for North and South Carolina. During 1729 seven of the Lords Proprietors sold their interests in Carolina to the Crown, and both North Carolina and South Carolina became royal colonies.

 

Tuscarora War

  • Significance, causes, summary, dates and history of the Tuscarora War for kids
  • History timeline of the Tuscarora War
  • Interesting Facts and information on the Tuscarora War for kids and schools
  • Cause and Effects of the Tuscarora War
  • Significance, causes events, summary, dates and history of the Tuscarora War for kids

 

Tuscarora War - Pictures and Videos of Native Americans
Tuscarora War. Discover the the key years, famous people and events of the Tuscarora War together with the causes and effects of the war, conflict and battle. Pictures have been include wherever possible which show the battlefield, clothing and weapons of the Native Indian tribes and their leaders who fought in the Tuscarora War. The illustrated text provides a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages. We have included pictures and videos to accompany the main topic of this section - The Tuscarora War. The videos enable fast access to the images, paintings and pictures together with the information and the many facts featured on this subject of the Tuscarora War.

 

Teaching resource - Teachers - Kids - Tuscarora War - Indian Wars - Causes of War - Battlefield - Summary - History of War - Indian - Native American - Battle - Conflict - Massacre - Causes - Fighting - US Cavalry - Tribes - History - Timeline of War - History - Facts - Information - Info - Famous - Causes of War - Battlefield - Summary - History of War - Native - American - Indian - Chief - Chiefs - Significance of War - Leaders - Leader - Events - Dates - Causes - Conflict - Summary - Definition - Battle - War - Death - Short - Kids - Children - Studies - US - Causes - United States - America - Significance of War - Causes - Results - Causes - Effects - Year - Causes - Significance of War - Dates - Summary - Impact - Causes - Reasons - Events- Tuscarora War - Written By Linda Alchin