History of South Carolina

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Cherokee Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of South Carolina.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in South Carolina resulted in the adoption of the Southeast culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the South Carolina Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of South Carolina Indians

Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of South Carolina
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of South Carolina led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the South Carolina Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of South Carolina
The map of South Carolina provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the South Carolina Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of South Carolina.

 

State Map of South Carolina

State Map showing location of South Carolina Indians

State Map showing location of
South Carolina Indians

 

Names of the South Carolina Indian Tribes
South Carolina is a state of the southeast United States bordering on the Atlantic Ocean.There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of South Carolina. The names of the South Carolina tribes included the Bear River Indians, Cape Fear Indians, Catawba, Cheraw, Cherokee, Chowanoc, Machapunga, Moratok, Natchez, Occaneechi, Saponi, Shakori, Tuscarora and Waccamaw tribes.

History of South Carolina Indians - The French Indian Wars
The
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included South Carolina, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various South Carolina Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of South Carolina Indians
The way of life and history of South Carolina Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of South Carolina. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the South Carolina Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of South Carolina Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of South Carolina Indians.

  • Name of State: South Carolina
  • Meaning of State name: North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729. Carolina is derived from the Latin name Carolus, translated as "Charles." The state was named in honor Charles IX of France and then Charles I and Charles II of England.
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of South Carolina: Blue Ridge mountains and coastal plain
  • Culture adopted by South Carolina Indians: Southeast Cultural Group
  • Languages: Muskogean
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter gatherers and hunter farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses
 

 

History Timeline of the South Carolina Indians
The history and the way of life of South Carolina Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This South Carolina Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving South Carolina Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the South Carolina Indians.

South Carolina History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of South Carolina

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 ADWoodland Period - homes were established along rivers and trade exchange systems and burial systems were established

16881688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1702(1702-1713) Queen Anne's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.

17151715-1717 Yamasee War a conflict between colonial South Carolina and several Indian tribes, it was also one of the American Indian's most serious challenges to European dominance.

1758The Anglo-Cherokee War (17581761) - The Cherokee uprising in present-day Tennessee, Virginia and the Carolinas

17541754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763Treaty of Paris

17761776-1794 Chickamauga Wars aka the Second Cherokee War, a series of conflicts of the Cherokee against the encroachment into their territory. Open warfare broke out in 1776 between the Cherokee led by Dragging Canoe in East Tennessee.

17751775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

18121812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830Indian Removal Act

1832Department of Indian Affairs established

18611861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of South Carolina

State of South Carolina History Timeline

History of South Carolina Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of South Carolina had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the South Carolina Indians.

 

South Carolina

  • History of South Carolina Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the South Carolina Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous South Carolina tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of South Carolina
  • History Timeline of the South Carolina Indians

 

State of South Carolina Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of South Carolina Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of South Carolina Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of South Carolina Indians..

 

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