Southeast Native Americans

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Choctaw Indian

Choctaw Native American Indian

There are three major environmental zones consisting of the coastal plain, Piedmont and the Southern Appalachian mountains

Learn about the life of the people of the Southeast Native Americans also referred to as the  Southeast Woodland tribes. Discover facts and information about the natural resources available, the languages, culture, clothing, their religion, beliefs and ceremonies. Pictures and images illustrating the Southeast Native Americans culture.

Native American Indians Groups
Native Indian Tribes Index

Culture of the Southeast Native Americans

This section on the Southeast Native Americans group provides facts and information about their languages, the Geography and Environment which was basically a humid, fertile agricultural region. The animals of the area and the Plants, Trees and Crops provided their food, clothing, shelter and decorations. Their Houses, Shelters and Homes depended on the materials available to them and whether the home was permanent or temporary.

The Southeast area was perfect for growing many crops including maize, beans, squash and tobacco. There are also facts and info about the Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs of the Southeast Native Americans group. The language of the Southeast Native Americans was Muskogean which was spoken by indigenous tribes including the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole who are often referred to as the Five Civilized Tribes.

Map showing Native American Indians Cultural Groups

Map showing location of
Southeast Native Americans Cultural Group

 

Southeast Native Americans - Lifestyle (Way of Living)
The climate, land and natural resources that were available to the Indian tribes resulted in the adoption of the Southeast Native Americans culture.

  • Name of Group: Southeast Native Americans - The Five Civilised tribes
  • Languages: Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Geography of the State of Southeast Native Americans: River Valleys, mountains and swamps
  • Animals: Rabbits, wild hogs, turkeys, eagles, opossums, raccoons, squirrels and deer
  • Natural Resources: Corn, beans, dried fruit, pumpkins and nuts
  • Culture and Lifestyle adopted: Nomadic Hunters, Fishers and farmers
  • Clothing: Deerskin clothes, rabbit fur and porcupine quills
  • Transport: Canoes
  • Art: Pottery and baskets
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses
  • Famous Tribes of Southeast Native Americans: Natchez, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole
  • The Native Indians who lived on the borders of lands often reflected two different types of lifestyles. 
 

 

Southeast Native Americans - Languages
The languages of the Southeast Native Americans included Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan

Southeast Indians - Physical Characteristics
The physical characteristics of Southeast Indians are dark brown eyes, prominent cheek bones, straight black hair, and scantiness of beard. The skin color of Native Indians varies from very light in some tribes such as the Cheyenne, to almost black in others, such as the Caddo and a yellowish color in such as the Flatheads.

Southeast Native Americans - Geography and Environment
The Geography and Environment can be generally described as a humid, fertile agricultural region. The region offers mountains, rivers and forests in the north and grasses and swamps in the south including the Everglades swamp in what is now the State of Florida. The climate is hot in the summer and mild in the winter.

Southeast Native Americans - Animals
The animals were very important to the Southeast Native Americans. The animals available to the Southeast Indians included rabbits, wild hogs, turkeys, eagles, opossums, raccoons, squirrels and deer. The uses of the animals were varied and included food, clothing, shelter and decorations.

Southeast Native Americans - Food
The food eaten by the Southeast Native Americans included corn bread, hominy grits, tomatoes, potatoes and sweet potatoes. Turkeys also supplemented their diets.

Southeast Native Americans - Houses, Shelters and Homes
The different types of Houses, Shelters and Homes depended on the materials available and whether the home was permanent or temporary. The homes of the Southeast Indians included Wattle and Daub houses and chickees. The Seminole tribes often lived in small villages consisting of chickees, a communal eating house and storage facilities.

Southeast Native Americans - Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs
The Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs were based on
Animism. Animism was a commonly shared doctrine, or belief, of the indigenous people of North America and Canada including the Southeast Indian tribes. Animism is based on the spiritual or religious idea that the universe and all natural objects have souls or spirits. In this religion it is believed that souls or spirits exist not only in humans but also in animals, plants, trees, rocks etc. This belief is also extended to natural phenomena such as thunder storms and rain and geographic features such as mountains, caves or rivers also possess souls or spirits. Tricksters feature in the legends and mythology of the Southeast peoples as do heroic figures or "transformers" who transform, or change, the world into its present state. They also have stories about councils of animals.

Southeast Native Americans - The Shaman
The Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs of the Southeast Indian tribes were also dominated by Shamanism in which a religious leader called a Shaman acted as a medium between the visible and spirit worlds.

Green Corn Dance

Picture of the Green Corn Dance

Southeast Native Americans - The Green Corn Festival
The Green Corn Festival was one of the most important ceremonies of the Southeast Indians. The festival was celebrated in the fall. Chanting shamans and dancing warriors circled a cooking fire, carrying corn as can be seen by the above picture. After cooking the corn it was presented as a sacred offering to the Great Spirit. A new fire was built and enough corn for the entire village was made whilst people danced in celebration.

 

Southeast Native Americans

  • Interesting Facts and information about Southeast Native Americans
  • Way of Life, Housing and homes
  • Southeast Native Americans tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts and info about Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs
  • Animals, Plants, Trees and Crops
  • Homework resource for kids on Southeast Native Americans

 

Pictures and Videos of Southeast Native Americans
The Southeast Native Americans! Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Southeast Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Southeast Native Americans that can be used as a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages. Our series of videos enable fast access to the images, pics, paintings and pictures together with information and many facts. We hope that this article on Southeast Native Americans will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Southeast Native Americans. A great educational resource for kids on the subject of Southeast Native Americans.

 

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