Pick Axe

Discover interesting facts and information about the  weapons, including the Pick Axe, used by Native American Indian tribes.

  • Native American weapons - the Pick Axe
  • Description  and definition of the Pick Axe
  • Types of War Clubs
  • Interesting facts and information about the tools and weapons, including the Pick Axe which was used by different Native American tribes
Native Indian Weapons and Tools
Native Indian Tribes Index

Pick Axe
Description and Definition of the Pick Axe: The Pick Axe is the name given to describe one of the many different Types of Native American War Clubs used during Indian warfare and combat and as a useful tool. The name of the Pick Axe was so-called because this weapon resembled the shape of the beak of a bird. The word 'pick' derives from the Latin word 'picus' meaning "woodpecker." The Pick Axe style of war club was made of either stone or metal blades. The Pick axe style of war clubs had a sharp edge on one side and a diamond shaped point on the opposite side. Some styles of pick axe had a blunt edge used for striking rather than cutting. The blades were attached to a wooden handle and are illustrated in the pictures of pick axes shown on this page and measured between15-20 inches long and weighed about 3 pounds.

 

Indian-weapons-tomahawks-shield-club

 

The Stone Age Pick Axe
The Pick Axe were widely used across North America during early pre-historic times both as a weapon and as a tool. The Pick axe had a wooden handle which, when first developed by Native Americans, had a head made of either stone or  antler and bone. The following picture illustrates the stone head of a pick axe and a Deer Horn pick. It is believed that the readily available deer horn pick and other such animal horns and bones proved to be so useful that similar tools were man made of stone.

Stone Pick Axe blade and a deer horn pick

Picture of Stone Pick Axe blade and a deer horn pick

The Stone Age Pick Axe Blade
The stone Pick Axe blade was characterized by its useful point. A suitable piece of hard stone, called Flint, was favored by the Native Americans although other hard stones such as chert, jasper, chalcedony, granite, basalt and sandstone were also used to make axes. The original piece of flint, called the core, was struck and smaller sharp flakes of stone were produced in the required thickness for the pick axe.

The Indian would then shape, refine and create a pointed weapon, such as a pick axe. A pre-prepared a wooden handle was attached (hafted) to the pick axe head using sinew or rawhide as lashings to attach the handle to the axe. The shape of the stone or bone determined the design and style of the finished pick axe weapon or tool. As can be seen in the following pictures the pointed beak-like 'blade' of the pick developed into the Tomahawk and the Battle Hammer.

                   Battle hammer

The Pick Axe Handle
The Pick Axe handle was made with hard wood or different types of bone including the whale bone. The hardened woods used to make the handle of the pick axe included hickory, juniper, oak, cedar, maple, ash, walnut and birch.  The handles were often decorated with paint and carvings on the handle and were also embellished with feathers and beads.

The Metal Pick Axe
The stone pick axe was replaced with a metal blade. The rapid evolution of Native American Indian weapons occurred due to contact with the Europeans starting in the 1500 and 1600's. The stone heads were replaced with blades using iron, steel, copper and brass.

The style, design and array of pick axe style weapons used by the Native Americans was both amazing and startling. The pictures of the various types of Pick Axe style weapons shown on this page demonstrate the workmanship of the Native American Weapons and tools.

 

Pick Axe

  • Pictures of Pick Axe war clubs
  • Description and definition of the Pick Axe weapon
  • Materials required to make a Pick Axe
  • Making a Pick Axe
  • The use of the Pick Axe weapon
  • Interesting facts and information about the Pick Axe for kids and schools

Pick Axe - Pictures and Videos of Native Americans
The Pick Axe weapon. Discover the interesting facts and information which relate to the History of Native Americans and the weapons they used such as the Pick Axe. The pictures on this site show the weapons and tools that were used by various Native Indian tribes that can be used as a really useful educational history resource for kids and children of all ages. We have included pictures and videos to accompany the main topic of this section - Pick Axe. The videos enable fast access to the images, paintings and pictures together with information and many historical facts. All of the articles and pages can be accessed via the Native Indian Tribes Index - a great educational resource for kids providing an unusual insight into their culture. We hope you enjoy watching the videos - just click and play - a great resource for gaining facts and information about the life of Native American Indians.

 

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