History of West Virginia

Iroquois Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of West Virginia.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in West Virginia resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the West Virginia Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of West Virginia Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of West Virginia
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of West Virginia led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the West Virginia Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of West Virginia
The map of West Virginia provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the West Virginia Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of West Virginia.

 

State Map of West Virginia

State Map showing location of West Virginia

State Map showing location of West Virginia Indians

 

Names of the West Virginia Indian Tribes
There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of West Virginia. The names of the West Virginia tribes included the Cherokee, Iroquois, Manahoac, Meherrin, Monacan, Nottaway, Occaneechi, Saponi and Shawnee.

Fast Facts about the History of West Virginia Indians
The way of life and history of West Virginia Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of West Virginia. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the West Virginia Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of West Virginia Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of West Virginia Indians.

  • Name of State: West Virginia
  • Meaning of State name: Named after Queen Elizabeth I of England - the "Virgin Queen"
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of West Virginia: Mountains and plateau areas
  • Culture adopted by West Virginia Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses)
 

 

History Timeline of the West Virginia Indians
The history and the way of life of West Virginia Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This West Virginia Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving West Virginia Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the West Virginia Indians.

West Virginia History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of West Virginia

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BC Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 AD Woodland Period - homes were established along rivers and trade exchange systems and burial systems were established

1614 1614 Violent confrontation between hundreds of English and Powhatan men on the Pamunkey River, Virginia - refer to Powhatan

1622 1622-1624 The Powhatan Wars, battles and conflicts in Virginia between colonists and American Native Indians

1688 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1758 The Anglo-Cherokee War (17581761) - The Cherokee uprising in present-day Tennessee, Virginia and the Carolinas

1774 Lord Dunmore's War. Governor Dunmore commanded a force to defeat the Shawnee, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Ohio, down the Ohio River.

1754 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763 Treaty of Paris

1775 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776 July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803 The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830 Indian Removal Act

1832 Department of Indian Affairs established

1861 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862 U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865 The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887 Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969 All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979 American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of West Virginia

State of West Virginia History Timeline

History of West Virginia Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of West Virginia had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the West Virginia Indians.

 

West Virginia

  • History of West Virginia Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the West Virginia Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous West Virginia tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of West Virginia
  • History Timeline of the West Virginia Indians

 

State of West Virginia Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of West Virginia Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of West Virginia Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of West Virginia Indians..

 

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