History of Utah

Ute Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Utah.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Utah resulted in the adoption of the Southwest culture and others adopted the Great Basin culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Utah Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Utah Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Utah
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Utah led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Utah Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Utah
The map of Utah provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Utah Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Utah.


State Map of Utah

State Map showing location of Utah

State Map showing location of Utah Indians


Names of the Utah Indian Tribes
Utah is a state of the western United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Utah. The names of the Utah tribes included the Bannock, Goshute (Gosiute), Navaho, Paiute, Shoshoni and the Ute (see above picture).

Fast Facts about the History of Utah Indians
The way of life and history of Utah Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Utah. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Utah Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Utah Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Utah Indians.

  • Name of State: Utah
  • Meaning of State name: Named after the Ute Indian tribe
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Utah: Deserts, canyons and plateau areas
  • Culture adopted by Utah Indians: Southwest Cultural Group and others adopted the Great Basin culture
  • Languages: Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language, Shoshonean or Uto-Aztecan
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunters and Farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Farmers lived in Adobe (pueblo) houses. Hunters lived in Hogans

History Timeline of the Utah Indians
The history and the way of life of Utah Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Utah Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Utah Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Utah Indians.

Utah History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Utah

10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters using stone weapons

9000 BC: Clovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1776: Spanish priests, Father Silvestre Velez de Escalante and his superior Francisco Atanasio Domínguez start from Santa Fe to explore Utah

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1841: Captain John Bartleson leads first wagon train of settlers, across Utah to California

1844: Fort Robidoux is burned by Ute Indians

1849: First confrontation between the Ute and the settlers at "Battle Creek" in Pleasant Grove.

1853: Walker War (1853–1854) with the Ute Indians begins over slavery among the Indians. Wakara (Walker) leads the Utes in Utah in a series of raids on Mormon settlements

1860: Paiute War also known as Pyramid Lake War, Utah Territory, (now Nevada)

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: Black Hawk's War (1865–1872) was the last major Indian conflict in Utah - see Black Hawk

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1915: The Bluff War, aka Posey War or the Polk and Posse War, Ute and Paiute and the US army. Location: San Juan County, Utah and Montezuma County, Colorado

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Utah

State of Utah History Timeline

History of Utah Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Utah had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Utah Indians.


  • History of Utah Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Utah Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Utah tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Utah
  • History Timeline of the Utah Indians

State of Utah Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Utah Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Utah Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Utah Indians..


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