History of Massachusetts


This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Massachusetts.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Massachusetts resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Massachusetts Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Massachusetts Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Massachusetts
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Massachusetts led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Massachusetts Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Massachusetts
The map of Massachusetts provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Massachusetts Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Massachusetts.


State Map of Massachusetts

State Map showing location of Massachusetts Indians

State Map showing location of
Massachusetts Indians


Names of the Massachusetts Indian Tribes
Massachusetts state of the northeast United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Massachusetts. The names of the Massachusetts tribes included the Mohican, Nauset, Wampanoag, Pocomtuc, Pequot, Nauset, Nipmuc and the Massachuset.

History of Massachusetts Indians - The French Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included Massachusetts, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various Massachusetts Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of Massachusetts Indians
The way of life and history of Massachusetts Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Massachusetts. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Massachusetts Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Massachusetts Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Massachusetts Indians.

  • Name of State: Massachusetts
  • Meaning of State name: Name of an Algonquian tribe meaning “At the Great Hill.”
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Massachusetts: Jagged coast and gentle hills
  • Culture adopted by Massachusetts Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters:  Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses

History Timeline of the Massachusetts Indians
The history and the way of life of Massachusetts Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Massachusetts Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Massachusetts Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Massachusetts Indians. The pre-European population of Massachusetts was about 30,000 Indians from the Algonquian tribes lived in the area.

Massachusetts History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Massachusetts

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7500 BC: Eastern Woodland Culture of Fisher Hunters begins. Permanent houses and farming

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery

1675: 1675 - 1677: King Philip's War so named after Metacom (King Philip) of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. The war was bloody and bitterly fought by the colonists against the Native Indians. During King Philip's War, up to one third of America's white population was wiped out. This war proved to be the final struggle by the Native Americans of Massachusetts 

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1688: (1688-1699) King William's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between France and the Wabanaki Confederacy and England and the Iroquois Confederacy. Peace Treaty made at Pemaquid. August 11,1693. and was ratified on Jan. 7. 1699

1702: (1702-1713) Queen Anne's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.

1744: (1744–1748) King George's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy and the British colonies allied with Iroquois Confederacy

1774: December 16: The Boston Tea Party - Massachusetts patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians protested against the British Tea Act

1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Massachusetts

State of Massachusetts History Timeline

History of Massachusetts Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Massachusetts had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Massachusetts Indians.


  • History of Massachusetts Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Massachusetts Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Massachusetts tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Massachusetts
  • History Timeline of the Massachusetts Indians

State of Massachusetts Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Massachusetts Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Massachusetts Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Massachusetts Indians..


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