History of Maryland

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Maryland.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Maryland resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Maryland Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Maryland Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Maryland
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Maryland led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Maryland Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Maryland
The map of Maryland provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Maryland Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Maryland.


State Map of Maryland

State Map showing location of Maryland Indians

State Map showing location of Maryland Indians


Names of the Maryland Indian Tribes
Maryland is a state of the eastern US, on the Atlantic. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Maryland. The names of the Maryland tribes included the Lenape, Nanticoke, Piscataway, Conoy, Powhatan, Accohannock, Shawnee, Susquehannock, Tutelo and Saponi tribes.

History of Maryland Indians - The French Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included Maryland, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various Maryland Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of Maryland Indians
The way of life and history of Maryland Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Maryland. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Maryland Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Maryland Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Maryland Indians.

  • Name of State: Maryland
  • Meaning of State name: King Charles I of England specified that the name for the new colony was to be called Maryland in honor of his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Maryland: Coastal plains, peidmont plateau, and the Blue Ridge, separated by the Chesapeake Bay
  • Culture adopted by Maryland Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses

History Timeline of the Maryland Indians
The history and the way of life of Maryland Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period.

The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Maryland Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Maryland Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Maryland Indians.

Maryland History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Maryland

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7500 BC: Eastern Woodland Culture of Fisher Hunters begins. Permanent houses and farming

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 AD: Woodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems

1608: Captain John Smith (1580-1631) explores the Chesapeake Bay - refer to Powhatan

1675: 1675-l676 Bacon's Rebellion and the Declaration of the People. War with Susquehannocks in Maryland

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1688: (1688-1699) King William's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between France and the Wabanaki Confederacy and England and the Iroquois Confederacy. Peace Treaty made at Pemaquid. August 11,1693. and was ratified on Jan. 7. 1699

1754: (1754-1763) French and Indian War known in the US as the Seven Years War, (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the colonies of France allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Algonquin tribes, Abenaki, Míkmaq, Mohawk, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Great Britain allied with the Iroquois Confederacy, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Cayuga, Catawba and Cherokee tribes

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Maryland

State of Maryland History Timeline

History of Maryland Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Maryland had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Maryland Indians.


  • History of Maryland Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Maryland Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Maryland tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Maryland
  • History Timeline of the Maryland Indians

State of Maryland Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Maryland Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Maryland Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Maryland Indians..


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