History of Maine

Abenaki Native American Indian Tribe village

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Maine.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Maine resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Maine Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Maine Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Maine
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Maine led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Maine Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Maine
The map of Maine provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Maine Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Maine.


State Map of Maine

State Map showing location of Maine Indians

State Map showing location of Maine Indians


Names of the Maine Indian Tribes
Maine is a state of the Northeastern United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Maine. The names of the Maine tribes included the Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, Penobscot, Míkmaq, Malecite, Passamaquoddy, Pennacook and the Penobscot.

History of Maine Indians - The French Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included Maine, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various Maine Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of Maine Indians
The way of life and history of Maine Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Maine. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Maine Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Maine Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Maine Indians.

  • Name of State: Maine
  • Meaning of State name: Named because the state region is a mainland
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Maine: Appalachian Mountains, some rugged terrain, long sand beaches on southern coast; northern coast is rocky and there are fjords.
  • Culture adopted by Maine Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses

History Timeline of the Maine Indians
The history and the way of life of Maine Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Maine Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Maine Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Maine Indians. The earliest Indian tribes were the Míkmaq of eastern Maine and New Brunswick and the Abenaki.

Maine History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Maine

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

3000 BC: Culture of the "Red Paint" people - their burial grounds showed that the graves were lined with red clay

1000 BC: Earliest Indian tribes were the Míkmaq of eastern Maine and New Brunswick and the Abnaki

1524: Giovanni da Verranzano explored the coast of Maine 

1604: Pierre du Guast Sieur de Monts established the first recorded European colony 

1675: The start of the 'Indian Wars' (1675-1760) which would include the French and Indian Wars

1675: The 'Indian Wars' commenced in the Plymouth Colony

1675: 1675-1676 - King Philip's War.  so named after Metacom (King Philip) of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. The war was bloody and bitterly fought by the colonists against the Wampanoags, Narragansetts, Nipmucks, Pocumtucks, and Abenakis. The Narragansett tribe were nearly exterminated during this War.

1677: Waldron and Frost sent to the Kennebec to subdue the Indians - peace was declared in 1678

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1688: (1688-1699) King William's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between France and the Wabanaki Confederacy and England and the Iroquois Confederacy. Peace Treaty made at Pemaquid. August 11,1693. and was ratified on Jan. 7. 1699

1702: (1702-1713) Queen Anne's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.

1722: 1722 - Wabanaki-New England War of 1722–1725 aka Father Rale's War or Lovewell's War between the Wabanaki Confederacy, Abenaki, Pequawket, Míkmaq and Maliseet against the New England Colonies and the Mohawks

1744: (1744–1748) King George's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy and the British colonies allied with Iroquois Confederacy

1749: Father Le Loutre’s War (1749–1755), also known as the Indian War, the Míkmaq War and the Anglo-Míkmaq War

1754: (1754-1763) French and Indian War known in the US as the Seven Years War, (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the colonies of France allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Algonquin tribes, Abenaki, Míkmaq, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Great Britain allied with the Iroquois Confederacy, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Cayuga, Catawba and Cherokee tribes

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1820: Maine was admitted to the Union

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Maine

State of Maine History Timeline

History of Maine Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Maine had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Maine Indians.


  • History of Maine Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Maine Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Maine tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Maine
  • History Timeline of the Maine Indians

State of Maine Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Maine Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Maine Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Maine Indians..


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