History of Louisiana

Choctaw Indian

Choctaw Native American Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Louisiana.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Louisiana resulted in the adoption of the Southeast culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Louisiana Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Louisiana Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Louisiana
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Louisiana led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Louisiana Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Louisiana
The map of Louisiana provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Louisiana Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Louisiana.


State Map of Louisiana

State Map showing location of Louisiana Indians

State Map showing location of Louisiana Indians


Names of the Louisiana Indian Tribes
Louisiana is a state in the south-eastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Louisiana. The names of the Louisiana tribes included the Adai, Alabama or Alibamu, Apalachee, Muskogee Creek, Avoyel, Bayogoula, Tunica - Biloxi, Caddo, Chatot, Chawasha, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Houma, Koasati aka Coushatta, Koroa, Mugulasha, Atakapa, Natchez, Okelousa, Opelousa, Ouachita, Pascagoula, Quapaw, Quinipissa, Souchitioni, Tangipahoa, Tawasa were Muskhogean, Washa and Yatasi.

Fast Facts about the History of Louisiana Indians
The way of life and history of Louisiana Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Louisiana. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Louisiana Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Louisiana Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Louisiana Indians.

  • Name of State: Louisiana
  • Meaning of State name: Named after King Louis XIV of France in 1682.
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Louisiana: Low country on the Gulf coastal plain and the Mississippi alluvial plain with many lagoons and lakes
  • Culture adopted by Louisiana Indians: Southeast Cultural Group
  • Languages: Muskogean language
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter gatherers and hunter farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses

History Timeline of the Louisiana Indians
The history and the way of life of Louisiana Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. Louisiana became a French colony and became embroiled in the French and Indian Wars against the 13 British Colonies.

History Timeline of the Louisiana Indians
This Louisiana Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Louisiana Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Louisiana Indians. Conflicts erupt during the 1800's between the white settlers and Native Indians including the Adai, Alabama, Apalachee, Atakapa, Avoyel, Bayogoula, Biloxi, Caddo, Chatot, Chawasha, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Houma, Koasati, Koroa, Mugulasha, Muskogee, Natchez, Ouachita, Okelousa, Opelousa, Pascagoula, Quapaw, Quinipissa, Souchitioni, Tangipahoa, Tawasa, Washa and Yatasi. The Native Indians were gradually forced to cede their lands

Louisiana History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Louisiana

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

1000: Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States

100BC: Organised farming in the Louisiana region began at this time with the cultivation of crops such as squash, sunflowers, beans and maize.

1519: Alvarez de Pindea explores the mouth of the Mississippi

1541: Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River

1682: Robert Cavalier, Sieur de la Salle claims the territory for King Louis XIV of France and names the area La Louisianne after the French King

1700's: Chickasaw, Natchez and Yazoo warriors raiders attacked enemy tribes to capture slaves

1719: The first large importation of black slaves 

1729: Following the Natchez Wars of 1716, 1722 and 1723 the Natchez Rebellion (1729–1731) when Natchez Indians massacre 250 people at Fort Rosalie. 

1736: The Chickasaw Wars (1736, 1739 and 1752) were fought between the Chickasaw allied with the British against the French and their allies the Choctaws and Illini.

1754: (1754-1763) French and Indian War known in the US as the Seven Years War, (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the colonies of France allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Algonquin tribes, Abenaki, Míkmaq, Mohawk, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot and Great Britain allied with the Iroquois Confederacy, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Cayuga, Catawba and Cherokee tribes

1762: France cedes the Louisiana Territory to Spain.

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1800: Third Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1800 between Spain and France, by which Spain returned Louisiana to France

1803: The Louisiana Purchase - Napoleon sells the entire Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for $15 million

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1812: Louisiana becomes the 18th state of the United States

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1834: The First Dragoon Expedition of 1834 (also called the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition or Pawnee expedition) was the first official contact between the US government and the Plains Indians including the Pawnee and Comanche

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1865: 1865-1868 - Campaign against Indians in southern Oregon, Idaho (Territory) and northern California.

1878: Yellow fever epidemic kills more than 5,000 people in Louisiana

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Louisiana

State of Louisiana History Timeline

History of Louisiana Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Louisiana had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Louisiana Indians.


  • History of Louisiana Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Louisiana Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Louisiana tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Louisiana
  • History Timeline of the Louisiana Indians

State of Louisiana Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Louisiana Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Louisiana Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Louisiana Indians..


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