Names of the Indiana State Indian Tribes
Indiana’s earliest inhabitants were groups of Native Americans known as Mound Builders. The Potawatomi were the last group of Native Americans to enter Indiana and the last to leave. Indiana is a state of the north-central United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Indiana. The names of the Indiana tribes included the Illinois tribe (Illini), Chippewa, Lenape (Delaware), Erie, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Potawatomi and Miami.
Fast Facts about the History of Indiana Native Indians
The way of life and history of Indiana Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Indiana. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Indiana Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Indiana Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Indiana Indians.
- Name of State: Indiana
- Meaning of State name: Named after the Indian word meaning 'Land of the Indians'
- Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Indiana: Hilly south; fertile rolling plains in central area, flat, heavily glaciated north and dunes along Lake Michigan shore
- Culture adopted by Indiana Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
- Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
- Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
- Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses
History Timeline of the Indiana Indians
The history and the way of life of Indiana Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Indiana Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Indiana Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Indiana Indians.
Indiana History Timeline
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Indiana
10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth.
1700 BC: Mound Builders culture, a feature of many Woodland tribes
1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1300: Mississippian culture period of Mound builders
1500: Indiana was first explored by the French
1541: Hernando de Soto (1500-1542) explores Indiana
1640: 1640 - 1701 - The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the French and Iroquois Wars - see Iroquois Confederacy
1671: Simon Daumont de Saint-Lusson declares the region for France
1679: Rene-Robert Cavelier de La Salle explores Indiana
1689: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the French and the Algoquian speaking tribes were allied to the British. The French and Indian Wars was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies consisting of:
King William's War (1688-1699)
Queen Anne's War (1702-1713)
King George's War (1744 - 1748)
French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)
1747: The Huron chief, King Nicolas, influenced by the British, attack the French Fort Miami
1752: A smallpox plague strike the Indian population
1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars
1763: Treaty of Paris
1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.
1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
1777: Indians encouraged by the British to attack the frontier Americans.
1785: Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio, also known as Little Turtle's war - refer to Little Turtle. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794.
1785: Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle of Fallen Timbers
1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1805: Potawatomi and other chiefs signed treaties at Fort Wayne, Fort Industry (1805), and Grouseland (1805), ceding portions of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois
1811: Tecumseh's War - Battle of Tippecanoe (1811–1813) Also refer to Tecumseh
1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1815: Treaty between the United States of America and the Wyandot, Delaware, Seneca, Shawanoe, Miami, Chippewa, Ottawa, and Potawatomi, Tribes of Indians, residing within the limits of the State of Ohio, and the Territories of Indiana and Michigan
1830: Indian Removal Act
1832: Department of Indian Affairs established
1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.
1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Indiana
State of Indiana History Timeline
History of Indiana Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Indiana had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Indiana Indians.
- History of Indiana Indians
- Interesting Facts and information about the Indiana Culture and History
- Names of indigenous Indiana tribes of Indians
- Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
- Map of Indiana
- History Timeline of the Indiana Indians
State of Indiana Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Indiana Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Indiana Indians will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Indiana Indians..