History of Connecticut

Fox Native Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Connecticut.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Connecticut resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Connecticut Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Connecticut Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Connecticut
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Connecticut led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Connecticut Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Connecticut
The map of Connecticut provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Connecticut Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Connecticut.


State Map of Connecticut

State Map showing location of Connecticut Indians

State Map showing location of Connecticut Indians


Names of the Connecticut Indian Tribes
Connecticut is a New England state of the northeast United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Connecticut. The names of the Connecticut tribes included the Narragansett, Mohegans, Wampanoag, Mohawk, Nipmuck, Pocumtuck, Abenaki and Pequot.

History of Connecticut Indians - The French Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included Connecticut, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various Connecticut Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of Connecticut Indians
The way of life and history of Connecticut Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Connecticut. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Connecticut Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Connecticut Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Connecticut Indians.

  • Name of State: Connecticut
  • Meaning of State name: Meaning “river whose water is driven by tides or winds.”
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Connecticut: Narrow lowlands and hilly eastern upland.
  • Culture adopted by Connecticut Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams and Longhouses

History Timeline of the Connecticut Indians
The history and the way of life of Connecticut Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Connecticut Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Connecticut Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Connecticut Indians.

Connecticut History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Connecticut

10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1614: The first Europeans in Connecticut were Dutch traders

1633: Dutch traders purchased land from the Pequot Tribe and made a permanent settlement in Connecticut

1637: The Pequot War: In 1637 tensions between the colonists and the Pequot escalated into open warfare. The Pequots were defeated by the colonists, who were led by John Underhill and John Mason and the Narragansett and Mohican tribes who were their allies. The Pequot suffered savage retribution and many were sold as slaves

1675: 1675-1676 - King Philip's War.  so named after Metacom (King Philip) of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. The war was bloody and bitterly fought by the colonists against the Wampanoags, Narragansetts, Nipmucks, Pocumtucks, and Abenakis.The Narragansett tribe were nearly exterminated during this War.

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1788: 1788 - January 9, 1788 Connecticut became a state in the United States of America

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Connecticut

State of Connecticut History Timeline

History of Connecticut Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Connecticut had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Connecticut Indians.


  • History of Connecticut Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Connecticut Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Connecticut tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Connecticut
  • History Timeline of the Connecticut Indians

State of Connecticut Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Connecticut Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Connecticut Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Connecticut Indians..


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