History of North Dakota

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Mandan Chief

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of North Dakota.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in North Dakota resulted in the adoption of the Great Plains Indians culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the North Dakota Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of North Dakota Indians

Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of North Dakota
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of North Dakota led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the North Dakota Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of North Dakota
The map of North Dakota provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the North Dakota Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of North Dakota.

 

State Map of North Dakota

State Map showing location of North Dakota Indians

State Map showing location of North Dakota Indians

 

Names of the North Dakota Indian Tribes
North Dakota is a state of the north-central United States bordering on Canada. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of North Dakota. The names of the North Dakota tribes included the Arapaho, Arikara, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Crow, Dakota, Hidatsa and Mandan (see above picture). The Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Crow and the Dakota Sioux.

North Dakota - Indian Territory
Indian Territory was a vast area of U.S. federal territory on the Great Plains reserved for Indians from the 1830s to the 1880s. In the 1870's the deliberate great slaughter of the northern bison herds began designed to prevent the Native Indians continuing the Great Plains lifestyle. Indian Territory eventually became the states of Kansas, Nebraska, and Oklahoma. By 1907, when Oklahoma was admitted as a state, Indian Territory ceased to exist.

Fast Facts about the History of North Dakota Indians
The way of life and history of North Dakota Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of North Dakota. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the North Dakota Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of North Dakota Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of North Dakota Indians.

  • Name of State: North Dakota
  • Meaning of State name: Dakota is a tribal name of the Sioux meaning “Allies.”
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of North Dakota: Rolling plateau and Great Plains
  • Culture adopted by North Dakota Indians: Great Plains Cultural Group
  • Languages: Due to the number of migrant tribes in this area people spoke a variety of languages including Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Nomadic Hunters and farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Tepees were used by the nomadic hunters. The semi-nomadic tribes used tepees but also maintained permanent earth lodge villages situated along rivers, others built houses of grass. The farmers used Earth lodges
 

 

History Timeline of the North Dakota Indians
The history and the way of life of North Dakota Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This North Dakota Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving North Dakota Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the North Dakota Indians. The Dakota, Lakota, and Nakota are collectively called Sioux. The Sioux, Assiniboine, Cheyenne, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara were the first Indian inhabitants. The Chippewa (or Ojibway), Cree, Blackfeet, and Crow moved to the area in the 1800's.

North Dakota History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of North Dakota

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BCGulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 ADWoodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems

1682Area claimed by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1687) for France

17751775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

18121812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1823Arikara War - Campaign against Arikara Indians, upper Missouri River, Dakota Territory

1830Indian Removal Act

1832Department of Indian Affairs established

1837Smallpox virtually wipes out the Mandan people at Fort Clark

1862Sioux Indian war in Minnesota and Dakota. The Sioux killed upwards of 1,000 settlers in Minnesota then fled to Dakota territory pursued by 5000 US Cavalry soldiers

18611861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

18631863 - 1865 Major military expeditions searched rebellious Indians

1865The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1870'sThe deliberate great slaughter of the northern bison herds to prevent the Native Indians continuing the Great Plains lifestyle

18761876 - Battle of Little Bighorn, Montana. Sioux and Cheyenne defeated General Custer and the Seventh Cavalry.

18781878-1879 -- Campaign against Cheyenne Indians in Dakota (Territory) and Montana .

1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1890Battle of Wounded Knee - Ghost Dance War (1890–1891) aka Pine Ridge Campaign. The Wounded Knee Massacre in South Dakota followed the killing of Chief Sitting Bull. Chief Big Foot led the last band of Lakota Sioux and were massacred by the US Army at Wounded Knee Creek.

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of North Dakota

State of North Dakota History Timeline

History of North Dakota Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of North Dakota had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the North Dakota Indians.

 

North Dakota

  • History of North Dakota Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the North Dakota Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous North Dakota tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of North Dakota
  • History Timeline of the North Dakota Indians

 

State of North Dakota Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of North Dakota Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of North Dakota Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of North Dakota Indians..

 

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