History of Missouri

Osage Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Missouri.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Missouri resulted in the adoption of the Woodlands culture and some adopted the Great Plains Indians culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Missouri Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

History of Missouri Indians

Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Missouri
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Missouri led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Missouri Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Missouri
The map of Missouri provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Missouri Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Missouri.

 

State Map of Missouri

State Map showing location of Missouri Indians

State Map showing location of Missouri Indians

 

Names of the Missouri Indian Tribes
The larges and most powerful tribe was the Osage, who lived along the Osage River. North of the Missouri lived the Otoe tribe. The Missouria people lived in villages by Missouri rivers. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Missouri. The names of the Missouri tribes included the Caddo, Dakota, Delaware, Fox, Illinois, Iowa, Kickapoo, Missouri, Omaha, Osage (see above picture), Otoe, Sauk and Shawnee.

Fast Facts about the History of Missouri Indians
The way of life and history of Missouri Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Missouri. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Missouri Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Missouri Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Missouri Indians.

  • Name of State: Missouri
  • Meaning of State name: From the name of a tribe meaning “Great Muddy,” which refers to the river.
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Missouri: Hills, plains and prairiewith deep, narrow valleys in the North
  • Culture adopted by Missouri Indians: Woodlands culture and some adopted the Great Plains culture
  • Languages: Muskogean
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter Fishers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Chickees, Wigwams aka Birchbark houses and Longhouses
 

 

History Timeline of the Missouri Indians
The history and the way of life of Missouri Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Missouri Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Missouri Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Missouri Indians. History Timeline 1500's -1600's: Parts of the Louisiana Territory / Mississippi land later become Missouri.

Missouri History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Missouri

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

1000Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 ADWoodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems

1000Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States

1673First Europeans, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet, discovered the land that would later become Missouri were were the during their voyage down the Mississippi River.

1750 St Genevieve established a trading post, the first permanent white settlement

17751775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

18121812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence. The War of 1812 was a real threat to settlements along the Missouri River attacked by the Sauk Fox tribes
 

1821Missouri admitted to the Union

1830Indian Removal Act

1832Black Hawk War occurred in Northern Illinois and Southwestern Wisconsin. The Native Indian Sauk and Fox tribes were led by Chief Black Hawk in an attempt to re-take their homeland

1832Department of Indian Affairs established

1835Second Seminole War (1835–1842)

1836Missouri–Iowa Border War

 

1837Osage Indian War (1837) After years of war with invading Iroquois, the Osage migrated west of the Mississippi River to their historic lands in present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma. The conflict involved a number of battles with the Osage Indians in Missouri.

18611861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Missouri

State of Missouri History Timeline

History of Missouri Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Missouri had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Missouri Indians.

 

Missouri

  • History of Missouri Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Missouri Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Missouri tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Missouri
  • History Timeline of the Missouri Indians

 

State of Missouri Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Missouri Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Missouri Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Missouri Indians..

 

Teaching resource - Teachers - Kids - History - Timeline - History - Historical - History - Timeline - History Timeline - History of Missouri - History Missouri Indians - History Timeline - Culture - History - History - Pictures - Images - Indigenous - Timeline - Tribes - Tribe - History Missouri Indians - Native Tribes - Timeline - Native Americans - Native Indian Americans - Map - Maps - History Missouri Indians -  - Timeline - History - Life - History Missouri Indians - History - History - History - Life - Facts - Information - Info - Native - American - Indian - History Missouri Indians - Timeline - Short - Kids - History Missouri Indians - Children - Studies - History Missouri Indians - History - Timeline - Historical - History - Timeline - Missouri - History of Missouri - Written By Linda Alchin