climate, environment, land and natural resources
that were available to the Indian tribes in this
area resulted in the adoption of the culture shared
by the Sub-Arctic Indians, such as the Chippewa
Indian illustrated in the painting.
about the life of the people of the Sub-Arctic Indians. Discover
facts and information about the natural resources
available, the languages, culture, clothing, their
religion, beliefs and ceremonies. Pictures and
images illustrating the Sub-Arctic Indians culture.
of the Sub-Arctic Indians
Location: The Sub-Artic culture area stretches
from the Labrador Sea to the Bering Sea,
encompassing six Canadian Provinces, two
Territories, as well as much of Alaska as shown
on the map. The climate, land and natural resources that
were available to the Indian tribes resulted
in the adoption of the culture shared by the
Sub-Arctic people. This section on the
Sub-Arctic people group provides facts and
information about their languages, the
Geography and Environment, an area of
swampy, pine forests and water-logged
The animals and the Plants, Trees
and Crops provided the food, clothing,
shelter and decorations of those tribes who
spoke the Athabaskan language such as the
Ingalik, Kuchin and Beaver and those who
spoke the Algonquian language such as the
Ojibwa, Cree and Naskapi. Their Houses,
Shelters and Homes depended on the materials
available to them and whether the home was
permanent or temporary. There are also facts
and info about the Religion, Ceremonies and
Beliefs of the Sub-Arctic people group.
Map showing location of
Arctic Indians Cultural Group
Sub-Arctic Indians - Lifestyle (Way of Living)
The climate, land and natural resources that
were available to the Indian tribes resulted
in the adoption of the Sub-Arctic Indians culture.
Name of Group:
Sub-Arctic Indians. Nomadic hunters and
Algonquian and Athabaskan
Geography of the State of
The area stretches across the treeless
tundra to evergreen forests in the North to
deciduous forests in the South. Mountain
ranges, lakes and rivers. Long, cold, snowy
winters and short, warm summers
Food: In the summer food was stored in pits
in the ground or bags suspended from poles.
An edible food called pemmican was prepared
by the women through a process of drying,
pulverizing and then mixing it with fat.
Pemican remained edible for over a year.
During the winter food was also preserved by
Types of housing, homes or shelters: Pit
houses, wigwams, tepees, smokehouses and lean-to's
Famous Tribes of
Ingalik, Kuchin, Beaver, Chippewa (Ojibwa), Cree and
Cultural Change: Impact of the Hudson's Bay
The Native Indians who lived on the borders
of lands often reflected two different types
Sub-Arctic Indians - Languages
Native sub-arctic peoples have over 30
languages, falling into two major language
families: Algonquian and Athapaskan. The
Algonquian peoples tend to live in the east
of the region, whilst the Athapaskan
speaking peoples live more in the west.
Sub-Arctic Indians - Animals
The animals were very important to the Sub-Arctic Indians.
The animals available to the Native Indians
of this group were Caribou, moose, elk, deer,
wolves, bears, ermine, rabbits, hyena and lynx.
Fish included Pike and Salmon. The uses of the animals were varied and
included food, clothing, shelter and
Sub-Arctic Indians - Plants and Trees
The dominant vegetation is a peaty
herb land dominated by grasses and sedges. Tall
cedar trees. Coniferous forests. The soil was
poor and often swampy.
Sub-Arctic Indians - Houses, Shelters and Homes
The different types of Houses, Shelters and
Homes depended on the materials available
and whether the home was permanent or
temporary. Many of the tribes were Nomadic
and used a variety of houses and homes including
Wigwams, Pit houses, tepees, smokehouses and
Sub-Arctic Indians - Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs
Animism was a commonly shared doctrine, or
belief, of the indigenous people of North
America and Canada including the Sub-Arctic
Indian tribes. Animism is based on the spiritual or
religious idea that the universe and all
natural objects have souls or spirits. In
this religion it is believed that souls or
spirits exist not only in humans but also in
animals, plants, trees, rocks etc. This
belief is also extended to natural phenomena
such as thunder storms and rain and
geographic features such as mountains, caves
or rivers also possess souls or spirits.
Tricksters feature in the legends and
mythology of the Sub-Arctic peoples as do heroic
figures "transformers" who transform, or change, the world into
its present state.
Sub-Arctic Indians - The Shaman
The Religion, Ceremonies and Beliefs of the
Sub-Artic Indians were also dominated by
Shamanism in which a religious leader called
Shaman acted as a medium between the
visible and spirit worlds.
Sub-Arctic Indians - Geography and Environment
The Geography and Environment can be
generally described as a flat, treeless tundra to
evergreen forests and glacial lakes in the North to deciduous
forests in the South. Long, cold, snowy
winters and short, warm summers.
Picture by Paul Kane showing a Dog Sled, Parka
and Snow shoes
Interesting Facts and information about Sub-Arctic Indians
Way of Life, Housing and homes
Sub-Arctic Indians tribes of Indians
Fast Facts and info about Religion, Ceremonies and
Animals, Plants, Trees and
Homework resource for kids on Sub-Arctic Indians
Pictures and Videos of Sub-Arctic Indians
The Sub-Arctic Indians!
Discover the vast selection of
pictures and videos of Sub-Arctic Indians. The pictures show the clothing, weapons
and decorations of various Sub-Arctic Indians
be used as a really useful
educational resource for kids and children of all ages.
Our series of videos enable fast access to the
images, pics, paintings and pictures together with information and many facts. We hope
that this article on Sub-Arctic Indians will assist in your studies or
homework and that you will enjoy watching
the videos featuring many pictures of the Sub-Arctic Indians.
great educational resource for kids on the subject of