Cheyenne are an Algonquian-speaking
Indian tribe of North America. Until the
late 17th century the Cheyenne lived as
farmers in Minnesota. They were subsequently
pushed by Sioux tribes to the Central Plains
of South Dakota. By the late 18th century
the Cheyenne had become nomadic bison
hunters. The Great Plains include Nebraska,
Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, southeastern
Wyoming, and western Colorado.
The Cheyenne settled in the Black Hills of
South Dakota and in present-day Montana.
The Cheyenne Land that became home to the
tribe were the
Great Plains Indians as indicated on the
Great Plains map. This area had been occupied
by the tribe before the arrival of the
The Cheyenne had never
experienced the way of the Europeans
especially in relation to the subject of
Land Ownership. The
ownership of Cheyenne land became the source
of the bitter conflicts between the white
European settlers, the U.S. and the Native
Great Plains Map
The Cheyenne Native Americans lived in harmony with
the land which was emphasized by the their
culture, religion and beliefs. The idea of
an individual person having exclusive use of
a particular piece of land was completely
alien to Native Americans.
Cheyenne Land - Ownership?
The Cheyenne fought, as communities,
with other tribes over hunting rights to their
territory. But the "right" to the land was
very different from the legal terms
understood by the white settlers relating to individual ownership. The
Cheyenne Indians had no concept of "private
property," as applied to the land, but
were soon to experience this European idea,
through the constant encroachment on the
tribal territories and Cheyenne
land. In 1832 the tribe split up into the
Northern and Southern Cheyenne.
Cheyenne Land - Wars and Conflicts
The American Indian Wars is the name used in
the United States to describe a series of
wars, battles and conflicts between American
settlers or the U.S. army, and the Native
American Indians before and after the
American Revolutionary War. In 1851 settlers
began seizing the lands of the Cheyenne. A
Treaty was signed with the Cheyenne in
1861 and the Cheyenne agreed to live on a
reservation in SE Colorado, but the U.S.
government did not fulfil its obligations,
and they were reduced to near starvation
leading to bitter conflicts including the
Sand Creek Massacre in 1864 when Colonel
John Chivington and his Colorado
Volunteers massacred Cheyenne and
Arapaho men, women,
and children. Battle of Beecher Island was a
conflict between the United States Army and
several of the Plains native American
tribes, including the Cheyenne Indians in
1868. The Battle of Summit Springs was the
final military engagement between whites and
plains Indians, including the Cheyenne in
Colorado. The Sioux and the Cheyenne
joined forces and fought in the
Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876 against General
George Armstrong Custer.
Cheyenne Land - Moved to the Reservation
Cheyenne resistance was broken in
1877, and the survivors confined to
reservations in Oklahoma. Plagued by disease
and malnutrition, the Cheyenne made two
desperate attempts to escape and return to
the north. A separate reservation was
eventually established for them in Montana.
Cheyenne Land - Dawes General
The Dawes General Allotment Act was passed
by Congress in 1887 which led to the break
up of the large Indian Reservations and the
sale of Indian lands, including Cheyenne
lands to white settlers.
Cheyenne Land - Tribal Map
The Tribe location map provides a general
overview of the tribal territories and land
various tribes of Native Indians.
The Tribe Location Map provides a bird's
eye view of the most famous Native American
Indian groups and their
proximately to other Native American
their tribal territories.
Cheyenne Native Indians, together with
the other Native American tribes, were removed from their land
and sent to inhospitable reservations.
They waited until
1969 when all Indians were declared citizens
of the U.S.
Cheyenne Land - Tribe Location Map
Interesting Facts and information about Cheyenne Land
Maps and interesting info
Cheyenne Lands -
Pictures and Videos of Native American Indians
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great educational resource for kids on the subject of
Native American Indians including the Cheyenne tribe.