This article contains
interesting facts, pictures and information about
the life of the Blackfoot Native American Indian Tribe
of the Great Plains.
and Definition: The Blackfoot tribe, also known as
the Siksika, were a fierce, warlike Native Indian
nation who were involved in many inter-tribal
conflicts in North Dakota and South Dakota. The
Blackfoot tribe fiercely resisted the white encroachment of the
Great Plains. The names of the most
famous chiefs of the Blackfoot tribe included
Morning Owl, Red Crow, Yellow Horse, Red Plume,
Chief Crowfoot and Running Rabbit.
Facts about the Blackfoot Native Indian
This article contains fast, fun facts and
interesting information about the Blackfoot Native
American Indian tribe. Find answers to questions
did the Blackfoot tribe live, what clothes did they wear, what
did they eat and who were the names of their most
famous leaders? Discover what happened to the
Blackfoot tribe with facts about their wars and
history. The above picture shows the Blackfoot
warrior holding a
Prayer Stick that was used to make offerings
and petitions to the spirit world. The Blackfoot
men wore bright face paint for religious
ceremonies and, more famously in times of war.
War Paint was used to make warriors look
ferocious and the designs and colors that were
used were believed to hold magic powers of
protection. The red color as worn by the above
Blackfoot warrior symbolized war, blood,
power, strength, energy and success.
What was the lifestyle and culture of the Blackfoot
The Blackfoot tribe nomadic hunter gatherers who
living in tepees and hunted the buffalo and
other game such as deer, elk and mountain sheep.
The only plant that the Blackfoot tribe
cultivated was tobacco. Men were in charge of
hunting for food and protecting the camp and the
women were in charge of the home. The vast range
of the Blackfoot tribe stretched from the
Missouri River from the Yellowstone and north to
the North Saskatchewan and westward towards the
Why was the tribe called the Blackfoot?
Their name was 'Siksika' meaning "Those with
Black Moccasins." The moccasins of other tribes
were a light beige color but the Blackfoot made
their moccasins from the smoked skin cut from
the top of an old tepee which had been smoked so
much that it turned black.
Where did the Blackfoot tribe live?
The Blackfoot are people of the Great Plains Native
American cultural group. The location of their
tribal homelands are shown on the map. The
geography of the region in which they lived
dictated the lifestyle and culture of the Blackfoot
The American Great Plains region mainly extended across states of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota
Tribal Territories: North Dakota and South
Land: Grass covered prairies with some
streams and rivers
Climate: Hot summers and cold winters
Fish: Various fish including sturgeon,
crayfish and mussels
Animals: The animals included the
Bison (Buffalo), deer, cougars, elk, bear,
beaver, porcupine, antelope, prairie dogs,
eagles and wolves
Map showing location of
Great Plains Native American Cultural Group
What clothes did the Blackfeet wear?
The types of clothes worn by the men depended on
the weather and the occasion. In warm weather
men and boys wore little clothing, usually just
a breech cloth. In cold weather they wrapped up
in a warm robe of tanned buffalo skin. All their
clothing, their beds and their homes were all
made of the skins of animals. The skins were
sewn together from the thread made from the
sinews of deer. The Blackfoot men also wore
fringed buckskin tunics which were often
decorated with beads and furs. The tunics were
accompanied by leggings that were sometimes
decorated with a fringe. In many Native Indian
tribes the war chiefs wore the headdresses with
feathers that leaned downwards. The Blackfoot
however wore upright feathers often arranged in a halo war
bonnet decorated with eagle feathers, ermine fur
What did the Blackfoot tribe live in?
The Blackfoot tribe lived in tepees which were
the tent-like American Indian homes used by most
of the Native Indian tribes of the Great Plains.
Tepee was constructed from wooden poles that
were covered with animal skins such as buffalo
hides. The tepee was designed to be quickly
erected and easily dismantled.
What language did the Blackfoot tribe speak?
The Blackfoot tribe spoke in the Algonquian language.
What food did the Blackfoot tribe eat?
The food that the Blackfoot tribe ate was
primarily the buffalo but all types of other
game were eaten if they were available.
Fish and meat was supplemented by roots, herbs, berries
and fruits. The preferred method of cooking meat
was by roasting however, the Blackfoot women
also boiled meat sometimes in a bowl of stone or
alternatively in a container made from the hide
or the paunch of a buffalo.
What weapons did the Blackfoot use?
The weapons used by the Blackfoot tribe included
bows and arrows, war clubs, spears, lances and
knives. They also used shields made of buffalo
hides for protection.
What clothes did the Blackfoot women wear?
type of clothes worn by the women were ankle
length dresses made of buckskin dresses (the
skin of a male deer) The dresses were decorated
with beads. The women also wore leggings in cold
What was the religion of the
religion and beliefs of the Blackfoot tribe was based
that encompassed the spiritual or
religious idea that the universe and all
natural objects animals, plants, trees,
rivers, mountains rocks etc have souls or
spirits. The Great Plains tribes such as
the Blackfoot believed in Manitou, the
The Blackfoot name for the Supreme Being is "Apistotoke"
Blackfoot Medicine Man: Skinwalker
The amazing picture on your left depicts a
Blackfoot Medicine Man as a 'Skinwalker'.
Attached to the grizzly bear Skinwalker
costume are the skins of many other animals
such as frogs, bats and snakes. The beaks,
toes and tails of birds are also attached to
the costume as well as the hooves of deer
and goats. The Medicine Man was believed to
have a spiritual connection with animals,
supernatural creatures and all elements of
nature. The Medicine Man's role was that of
opponent to the bad spirits and guardian of
the ordinary man. The Medicine Man used
chants, dances and rituals to protect men
from evil spirits. The Medicine Man was a
healer, a prophet and a mystic and as such
held an important position within the
Who were the most famous leaders and chiefs of
the Blackfoot tribe?
The Blackfeet, the Bloods (Kainai), and the
Piegans formed the league of the Siksika nation.
The most famous leaders and chiefs of the Blackfoot
tribe included Morning Owl, Red Crow, Heavy
Runner, Mountain Chief, Yellow Horse, Red Plume,
Chief Crowfoot and Chief Running Rabbit. It was
Chief Crowfoot who negotiated a peace agreement
with the Canadian government. Their allies were
the Gros Ventres of Montana and the Sarcee in
Canada. The Blackfoot tribe had many enemies
including Cree, the Assiniboin, the Sioux, the
Crow, the Nez Perce, the Shoshone, the Flathead.
But their biggest enemy was the white man who
they called the Big Knives.
Blackfoot History: What happened to the Blackfoot tribe?
The First Dragoon Expedition of 1834 was the
first official contact between the US government
and the Plains Indians and conflicts with the
whites soon followed. The Lame Bull Treaty was
signed in 1855 and the Blackfoot were relegated
to the reservation. More conflicts arose with
the US army under the command of General Philip
Sheridan. By the 1870's the
deliberate great slaughter of the northern bison
herds to prevent the Native Indians continuing the
Great Plains lifestyle had taken effect. Many of the
Blackfoot fled to Canada. In 1898, the US
government dismantled tribal governments and
outlawed the practice of traditional Native
Indian religions - it was reversed in 1934.
Interesting Facts and information about the way the people lived
The clothes worn by men and women
of the homes and the type of food the Blackfoot would eat
Fast Facts and info about the Blackfoot
famous chiefs and leaders
Homework resource for kids on the history of the Blackfoot
Native American Indians
Pictures and Videos of Native American Indians and their
The Blackfoot Tribe was one of the most famous tribes of
the Great Plains Native American Indians.
Discover the vast selection of
pictures on the subject of the tribes of Famous Native Americans
such as the Blackfoot nation. The pictures show the clothing,
and decorations of various Native Indian tribes, such as
the Blackfoot tribe, that can
be used as a really useful
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