Facts about the Assiniboine Native Indian
This article contains fast, fun facts and
interesting information about the Assiniboine Native
American Indian tribe. Find answers to questions
did the Assiniboine tribe live, what clothes did they wear
food did they eat? Discover what happened to the Assiniboine tribe with facts about their wars and
history. The word Assiniboine means "They Who
Cook With Rocks." In their own language, the
Assiniboine people call themselves Nakota or
Nakoda, which means "the allies."
Where did the Assiniboine tribe live?
The Great Plains Assiniboine adopted a nomadic lifestyle,
hunting the great buffalo herds and living in
tepees made of buffalo hides. They
were allied with the Cree and the
Saulteaux Native Indian tribes in what was known
as the "Iron Confederacy".
The American Great Plains region mainly extended across states of Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota
Land: Grass covered prairies with some
streams and rivers
Climate: Hot summers and cold winters
Animals: The animals included the
Bison (Buffalo), deer, cougars, elk, bear,
beaver, porcupine, antelope, prairie dogs,
eagles and wolves
Map showing location of
Southwest Native American Cultural Group
What did the Assiniboine tribe live in?
The Great Plains Assiniboine tribe lived in tent-like
homes called tepees. The
Tepee was constructed
from wooden poles that were covered with
durable, weather resistant animal skins such as
buffalo hides. The teppee was pyramid shaped,
with flaps and openings, rounded at the base and
tapering to an open smoke hole at the top.
Tepees had few furnishings. Buffalo hides were
used for seating, bedding, and covers. A hearth
was built in the center of the tepee for heating
cooking. Most tepees were
approximately 12 to 16 feet in diameter at the
base. This type shelter suited the nomadic
lifestyle of the Assiniboine tribe as tepees were quick
to erect and easy to dismantle.
What language did the Assiniboine tribe speak?
The Assiniboine tribe a Siouan-speaking people
closely related linguistically to the Sioux and
What did the Assiniboine tribe eat?
The food that the Assiniboine tribe ate came
from the animals they hunted: Buffalo, elk, deer
(venison), elk, bear and
wild turkey. These meats were supplemented with roots
and wild vegetables such as spinach, prairie
turnips and potatoes and flavored with wild
herbs. Wild fruits and berries were also added
to the food available to the Asasiniboine. When food was scarce the tribe ate dried buffalo
What weapons did the Assiniboine use?
The weapons used by the Assasiniboine included
bows and arrows, stone ball clubs, hatchets,
spears, lances and knives. War Shields were used
on horseback as a means of defence. The rifle
was added to the Asasiniboin weapons with the
advent of the white settlers.
What clothes did the Assiniboine wear?
The men of the
tribe wore breechcloths, fringed buckskin tunics
or shirts and hip-length leggings. Warm buffalo robes or
cloaks were also worn to protect against the
cold and the rain. The women wore buckskin
knee-length dresses and leggings and buffalo
robes during bad weather.