History of Wyoming

Crow Warrior

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Wyoming.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Wyoming resulted in the adoption of the Great Plains Indians culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Wyoming Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Wyoming Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Wyoming
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Wyoming led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Wyoming Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Wyoming
The map of Wyoming provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Wyoming Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Wyoming.


State Map of Wyoming

State Map showing location of Wyoming

State Map showing location of Wyoming Indians


Names of the Wyoming Indian Tribes
Wyoming is a a state in the mid-western United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Wyoming. The names of the Wyoming tribes included the Arapaho, Bannock, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Dakota Sioux, Kiowa, Pawnee, Shoshone and the Ute.

Fast Facts about the History of Wyoming Indians
The way of life and history of Wyoming Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Wyoming. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Wyoming Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Wyoming Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Wyoming Indians.

  • Name of State: Wyoming
  • Meaning of State name: Named after a Dakota word meaning "large plains."
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Wyoming: Eastern Great Plains rising to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains
  • Culture adopted by Wyoming Indians: Great Plains Cultural Group
  • Languages: Due to the number of migrant tribes in this area people spoke a variety of languages including Siouan, Algonquian, Caddoan, Uto-Aztecan and Athabaskan
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Nomadic Hunters and farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Tepees were used by the nomadic hunters. The semi-nomadic tribes used tepees but also maintained permanent earth lodge villages situated along rivers, others built houses of grass. The farmers used Earth lodges

History Timeline of the Wyoming Indians
The history and the way of life of Wyoming Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Wyoming Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Wyoming Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Wyoming Indians.

Wyoming History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Wyoming

10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters using stone weapons

9000 BC: Clovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1742: Francois and Louis Verendrye are the first white men to sight Wyoming

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1778: Wyoming Valley Massacre - Iroquois allies of the Loyalist forces massacre white colonists

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1804: Lewis and Clark reach the area. Female Shoshone Indian guide Sacajawea (1788-1812) acted as interpreter and negotiator 

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1870's: The deliberate great slaughter of the northern bison herds to prevent the Native Indians continuing the Great Plains lifestyle

1874: Sioux expedition, Wyoming (Territory) and Nebraska

1876: Great Sioux War, aka the Black Hills War, (18761877). Battle of the Rosebud in Montana. Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne under Crazy Horse turned back soldiers commanded by General George Crook cutting off reinforcements intended to aid Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.

1876: Battle of Powder River was the opening battle of the Great Sioux War aka the Black Hills War, between the U.S. Army and the Sioux and Cheyenne

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1890: Wyoming was admitted to the Union

1895: Bannock Uprising at Jackson's Hole, Wyoming

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Wyoming

State of Wyoming History Timeline

History of Wyoming Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Wyoming had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Wyoming Indians.


  • History of Wyoming Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Wyoming Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Wyoming tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Wyoming
  • History Timeline of the Wyoming Indians

State of Wyoming Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Wyoming Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Wyoming Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Wyoming Indians..


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