History of Vermont

Abenaki Indians

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Vermont.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Vermont resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Vermont Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Vermont Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Vermont
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Vermont led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Vermont Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Vermont
The map of Vermont provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Vermont Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Vermont.


State Map of Vermont

State Map showing location of Vermont

State Map showing location of Vermont Indians


Names of the Vermont Indian Tribes
Vermont is a state of the northeast United States bordering on Canada. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Vermont. The names of the Vermont tribes included the Abenaki, Mohican, Pennacook and the Pocomtuc tribes.

Fast Facts about the History of Vermont Indians
The way of life and history of Vermont Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Vermont. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Vermont Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Vermont Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Vermont Indians.

  • Name of State: Vermont
  • Meaning of State name: Named after "Verd Mont" in 1647 by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain meaning green mountain.
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Vermont: Green Mountains
  • Culture adopted by Vermont Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses

History Timeline of the Vermont Indians
The history and the way of life of Vermont Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Vermont Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Vermont Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Vermont Indians.

Vermont History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Vermont

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 AD: Woodland Period including the Adena culture (mounds, a burial complex and ceremonial system. The Adena lived in a variety of locations, including: Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky, and parts of Pennsylvania and New York.) and Hopewell cultures

1000 AD: Woodland Period which included trade exchange systems

1535: Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) is first European to sight Vermont

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1688: (1688-1699) King William's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between France and the Wabanaki Confederacy and England and the Iroquois Confederacy. Peace Treaty made at Pemaquid. August 11,1693. and was ratified on Jan. 7. 1699

1702: (1702-1713) Queen Anne's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.

1744: (17441748) King George's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy and the British colonies allied with Iroquois Confederacy

1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1780: Last major Indian raid, led by the British, in Royalton

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Vermont

State of Vermont History Timeline

History of Vermont Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Vermont had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Vermont Indians.


  • History of Vermont Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Vermont Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Vermont tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Vermont
  • History Timeline of the Vermont Indians

State of Vermont Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Vermont Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Vermont Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Vermont Indians..


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