History of Nevada

Ute Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Nevada.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Nevada resulted in the adoption of the Southwest and Great Basin cultures.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Nevada Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Nevada Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Nevada
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Nevada led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Nevada Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Nevada
The map of Nevada provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Nevada Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Nevada.


State Map of Nevada

State Map showing location of Nevada Indians

State Map showing location of Nevada Indians


Names of the Nevada Indian Tribes
There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Nevada. The names of the Nevada tribes included the Koso, Paiute, Panamint, Shoshoni, Walapi, Washoe and Ute tribes -(see above picture of a Ute Native Indian).

Fast Facts about the History of Nevada Indians
The way of life and history of Nevada Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Nevada. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Nevada Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Nevada Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Nevada Indians.

  • Name of State: Nevada
  • Meaning of State name: The mountain ranges of California were called Sierra Nevada (snowy range) by Spanish sailors. The name of the new territory was shortened to Nevada and named accordingly in 1859
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Nevada: Mountains, deserts and the Colorado River Canyon
  • Culture adopted by Nevada Indians: Southwest Cultural Group and others adopted the Great Basin culture
  • Languages: Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language, Shoshonean or Uto-Aztecan
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Nomadic Hunter gatherers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Brush shelters, Wickiups

History Timeline of the Nevada Indians
The history and the way of life of Nevada Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Nevada Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Nevada Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Nevada Indians. Nevada is a state of the western United States the traditional homelands of the Pawnee and Arikara tribes. Other early tribes included the Omaha, Ponca, Oto-Missouria, Ioway, and Kansa. The Apache, Lakota, Crow, Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapahoe inhabited West Nebraska.

Nevada History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Nevada

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1849: Captain Hunt leads the first wagon train, the Jayhawkers, to California via the Mormon Trail. The high death toll lead to the name of "Death Valley"

1855: Treaty of friendship between the Paiute and Shoshone Indians and the US signed at Haws Ranch

1860: Paiute War also known as Pyramid Lake War, Utah Territory, (now Nevada)

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1863: Western Shoshone Indians sign treaty of Ruby Valley, signed by Te-Moak

1864: Nevada was admitted to the Union

1864: The Snake War (18641868) was fought by the U.S. army against the "Snake Indians" which was the settlers term for Northern Paiute, Bannock and Western Shoshone bands who lived along the Snake River. Fighting took place in Oregon, Nevada, and California, and Idaho

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1880: 1880 Chief Winnemucca died. In 1883 Sarah Winnemucca writes the book "Life among the Piutes" and establish Nevada's first school for Native Americans 

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1911: Battle of Kelley Creek in Nevada. A small group of Bannock and Shoshone killed four men in an incident known as the Last Massacre. They were followed by a posse to Kelley Creek. 9 people were killed

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Nevada

State of Nevada History Timeline

History of Nevada Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Nevada had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Nevada Indians.


  • History of Nevada Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Nevada Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Nevada tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Nevada
  • History Timeline of the Nevada Indians

State of Nevada Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Nevada Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Nevada Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Nevada Indians..


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