History of Mississippi

Choctaw Indian

Choctaw Native American Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Mississippi.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Mississippi resulted in the adoption of the Southeast culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Mississippi Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Mississippi Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Mississippi
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Mississippi led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Mississippi Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Mississippi
The map of Mississippi provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Mississippi Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Mississippi.


State Map of Mississippi

State Map showing location of Mississippi Indians

State Map showing location of Mississippi Indians


Names of the Mississippi Indian Tribes
Mississippi is a state of the southeast United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Mississippi. The names of the Mississippi tribes included the Biloxi, Capinans, Chakchiuma, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Choula, Dakota Sioux, Grigra, Houma, Ibitoupa, Koroa, Moctobi, Natchez, Ofo, Okelousa, Pascagoula, Pensacola, Quapaw, Taposa, Tiou, Tunica and Yazoo.

Fast Facts about the History of Mississippi Indians
The way of life and history of Mississippi Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Mississippi. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Mississippi Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Mississippi Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Mississippi Indians.

  • Name of State: Mississippi
  • Meaning of State name: Algonquian word “misi” meaning “Great,” and “sipi,” meaning “water.”
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Mississippi: Low, fertile delta, bluffs, sandy gulf, coastal terraces, pine woods and prairie
  • Culture adopted by Mississippi Indians: Southeast Cultural Group
  • Languages: Muskogean
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter gatherers and hunter farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses

History Timeline of the Mississippi Indians
The history and the way of life of Mississippi Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Mississippi Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Mississippi Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Mississippi Indians.

Mississippi History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Mississippi

10,000 BC: Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 AD: Woodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems

1000: Mississippian Culture established. This was the last of the mound-building cultures of North America in Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States

1540: Hernando de Soto (1500-1542) explores Mississippi

1643: René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1687) navigates the Mississippi River and claims Mississippi for France

1700's: 1700s French fur trading era begins 

1729: Following the Natchez Wars of 1716, 1722 and 1723 the Natchez Rebellion (1729–1731) when Natchez Indians massacre 250 people at Fort Rosalie. 

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1805: The Treaty of Mount Dexter - the Choctaws sell 4.5 million acres of land to the U.S. government and this opens up land to white settlement 

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1813: Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.

1817: Mississippi was admitted to the Union 

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Mississippi

State of Mississippi History Timeline

History of Mississippi Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Mississippi had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Mississippi Indians.


  • History of Mississippi Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Mississippi Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Mississippi tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Mississippi
  • History Timeline of the Mississippi Indians

State of Mississippi Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Mississippi Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Mississippi Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Mississippi Indians..


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