History of Georgia

Shawnee Prophet

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Georgia.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Georgia resulted in the adoption of the Southeast culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Georgia Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Georgia Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Georgia
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Georgia led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Georgia Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Georgia
The map of Georgia provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Georgia Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Georgia.


State Map of Georgia

State Map showing location of Georgia Indians

State Map showing location of Georgia Indians


Names of the Georgia Indian Tribes
Georgia is a state of the southeastern US, on the Atlantic. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Georgia. The names of the Georgia tribes included the Apalachee, Choctaw, Cherokee, Hitchiti, Oconee, Miccosukee, Muskogee Creek, Timucua, Yamasee, Guale, and the Yucci.

History of Georgia Indians - The French Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included Georgia, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various Georgia Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of Georgia Indians
The way of life and history of Georgia Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Georgia. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Georgia Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Georgia Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Georgia Indians.

  • Name of State: Georgia
  • Meaning of State name: Named after King George II of England in 1733. The terms of the charter granted by the king specified that the colony (to be founded by James Oglethorpe) was named after the king.
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Georgia: Blue Ridge Mountains, rivers; coastal plain areas and coastal flatlands.
  • Culture adopted by Georgia Indians: Southeast Cultural Group
  • Languages: Muskogean
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter gatherers and hunter farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses

History Timeline of the Georgia Indians
The history and the way of life of Georgia Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Georgia Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Georgia Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Georgia Indians.

Georgia History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Georgia

10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period of the Southeast culture group with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1300: Mississippian culture period of Mound Builders

1498: John Cabot explores the coast of Georgia

1526: First colony established by Lucas Vazques de Ayllon 

1540: Hernando de Soto explores Georgia 

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1702: (1702-1713) Queen Anne's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.

1733: The first Creek Indian cession

1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: 1776-1794 Chickamauga Wars aka the Second Cherokee War, a series of conflicts of the Cherokee against the encroachment into their territory.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1813: Creek War (18131814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.

1825: Creek Chiefs cede all Creek lands in Georgia to the United States in Treaty of Indian Springs

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1832: 1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears

1836: 1836 - 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War)

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Georgia

State of Georgia History Timeline

History of Georgia Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Georgia had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Georgia Indians.


  • History of Georgia Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Georgia Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Georgia tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Georgia
  • History Timeline of the Georgia Indians

State of Georgia Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Georgia Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Georgia Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Georgia Indians..


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