History of Florida

Creek Muskogee Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Florida.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Florida resulted in the adoption of the Southeast culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Florida Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Florida Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Florida
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Florida led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Florida Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Florida
The map of Florida provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Florida Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Florida.


State Map of Florida

State Map showing location of Florida Indians

State Map showing location of Florida Indians


Names of the Florida Indian Tribes
Florida is a state of the southeast United States bordering on the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Florida. The names of the Florida tribes included the Apalachee, Calusa, Cherokee, Seminole, Timucuan, Guale, Yamasee, Creek, Miccosukee and Tocobago.

Fast Facts about the History of Florida Indians
The way of life and history of Florida Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Florida. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Florida Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Florida Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Florida Indians.

  • Name of State: Florida
  • Meaning of State name: Spanish for the word 'flowery'. Juan Ponce de Leon called the area "la Florida" in honor of Spain's Easter celebration "Pascua florida" (feast of the flowers).
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Florida: Land is mainly flat with rolling hills in northwest
  • Culture adopted by Florida Indians: Southeast Cultural Group
  • Languages: Muskogean
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter gatherers, fishers and hunter farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses

History Timeline of the Florida Indians
The history and the way of life of Florida Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Florida Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Florida Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Florida Indians.

Florida History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Florida

10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period of the Southeast culture group with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1513: Juan Ponce de Leon became the first European to explore Florida. He claimed Florida for Spain but was unable to establish a colony due to Indian attacks.

1539: Hernando de Soto landed in the Tampa Bay and explored central and northern Florida

1564: French missionaries settled Fort Caroline near present-day Jacksonville

1565: Spanish troops drove the French out of Florida and established St. Augustine, the first permanent European settlement

1763: Great Britain gained control of Florida

1687: The Spanish attempted to send Yamasees to the West Indies as slaves which resulted in the tribe rebelling against the Spanish missions. The Yamasee tribe moved into South Carolina

1702: (1702-1713) Queen Anne's War (part of the French and Indian Wars) between the French and Spanish colonies allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy, Mohawk, Choctaw, Timucua, Apalachee and Natchez tribes against the British colonies allied with the Muscogee (Creek), Chickasaw and Yamasee tribes.

1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1813: 1813 - 1814 - The first Creek Indian War (Seminole War), also known as the Red Stick War. The US was pulled into the conflict in Pensacola, Florida at the Battle of Burnt Corn

1822: The US government offered land in Oklahoma to the Seminole Indians. Many refused to leave and fought for their lands.

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1832: 1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears

1836: 1836 - 1837 - The Second Creek War (Seminole War). The Seminole Wars killed many of the Indians and forced all but a few out of Florida.

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Florida

State of Florida History Timeline

History of Florida Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Florida had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Florida Indians.


  • History of Florida Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Florida Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Florida tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Florida
  • History Timeline of the Florida Indians

State of Florida Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Florida Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Florida Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Florida Indians..


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