History of Delaware

Wichita Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Delaware.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Delaware resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Delaware Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Delaware Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Delaware
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Delaware led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Delaware Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Delaware
The map of Delaware provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Delaware Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Delaware.


State Map of Delaware

State Map showing location of Delaware Indians

State Map showing location of Delaware Indians


Names of the Delaware Indian Tribes
Delaware is a state of the Northeastern United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Delaware. The names of the Delaware tribes included the Lenape (Delaware), Powhatan tribe.

History of Delaware Indians - The French Indian Wars
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included Delaware, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various Delaware Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of Delaware Indians
The way of life and history of Delaware Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Delaware. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Delaware Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Delaware Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Delaware Indians.

  • Name of State: Delaware
  • Meaning of State name: Named after the Delaware River whose name was derived from that of Sir Thomas West (Lord de la Warr) who was Virginia Company's first governor
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Delaware: Flat lowland, Atlantic Coastal Plain. The southern boundary of Delaware is swampland with over 30,000 acres of swamp
  • Culture adopted by Delaware Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian 
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses

History Timeline of the Delaware Indians
The history and the way of life of Delaware Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Delaware Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Delaware Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Delaware Indians.

Delaware History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Delaware

10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1400: The Lenni Lenape, an Algonquian tribe, settle along the Delaware

1541: The Wichita were the people reached by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado made first contact with the Narwahro, aka Wichita tribe

1593: Spanish expedition to Delaware

1601: Spanish expedition to Delaware

1600: The Minquas, from the Susquehanna River Valley, start to attack the villages of the Lenni Lenape.

1609: Henry Hudson, working for the Dutch East India Company, discovers Delaware Bay and River

1610: Captain Samuel Argall names the bay and river after Lord De La Warr, the governor of Virginia

1631: Dutch colonists settle at Zwaanendael (present day Lewes)

1632: Massacre at Zwaanendael. The settlement is destroyed and all colonists killed in dispute with Native Americans.

1681: William Penn was granted land from England, that included Delaware

1688: 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

1754: 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1778: Treaty of Fort Pitt - The Lenape were the first Indian tribe to enter into a treaty with the new United States government

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: 1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1835: Most of the Lenape (Delaware) tribe had been removed to a reservation in Kansas

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1867: The Delaware tribe were moved to Oklahoma Indian Territory and incorporated with the Cherokee Nation

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Delaware

State of Delaware History Timeline

History of Delaware Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Delaware had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Delaware Indians.


  • History of Delaware Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Delaware Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Delaware tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Delaware
  • History Timeline of the Delaware Indians

State of Delaware Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Delaware Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Delaware Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Delaware Indians..


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