Names of the Arizona Indian Tribes
Arizona is a state in the southwestern United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Arizona. The names of the Arizona tribes included the Yuma, Pima, Papago, Zuni, the Pueblo, the Navajo and Apache.
Fast Facts about the History of Arizona Indians
The way of life and history of Arizona Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Arizona. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Arizona Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Arizona Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Arizona Indians.
- Name of State: Arizona
- Meaning of State name: From the Papago or Pima word, Arizonac, which means “small springs.”
- Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Arizona: Large desert areas, also mountain and plateau areas, pine forests and the Grand Canyon
- Culture adopted by Arizona Indians: Southwest Cultural Group Cultural Group
- Languages: Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language
- Way of Life (Lifestyle): Farmers and some Nomadic hunters
- Types of housing, homes or shelters: Farmers lived in Adobe (pueblo) houses. Hunters lived in Hogans
History Timeline of the Arizona Indians
The history and the way of life of Arizona Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Arizona Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Arizona Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Arizona Indians.
Arizona History Timeline
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Arizona
10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters using stone weapons
9000 BC: Clovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point
7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery
1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1539: Father Marcos de Niza claims Arizona for Spain.
1540: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado of Spain searches for the Seven Cities of Gold (Cibola) he fails but also claims Arizona for Spain
1700: San Xavier del Bac mission is founded
1752: The first permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac, after many revolts from the Pima and Papago Native Americans tribes
1763: Treaty of Paris
1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.
1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1821: Mexico gains military control of Arizona
1830: Indian Removal Act
1832: Department of Indian Affairs established
1848: United States win the Mexican War and gain all of Arizona north of the Gila River
1849: 1846 - 1863 The Navajo conflicts in New Mexico and Arizona
1853: The Gadsden Purchase - the rest of Arizona becomes part of United States
1858: Gold is discovered on Gila River
1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.
1862: The Apache tribe, led by Cochise, attack soldiers at Apache Pass, beginning a ten year war with settlers.
1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1863: Territory of Arizona is created by Congress
1864: Kit Carson captures 7,000 Navajo Indians in Canyon de Chelly and forces them to leave Arizona
1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1873: Campaign against Apache Indians in Arizona and New Mexico
1886: September 4 - The Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders
1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1893: Navajo war against white settlers. Northwestern New Mexico and Northeastern Arizona
1896: Yaqui Uprising - conflict that took place in the Mexican state of Sonora and the American state of Arizona
1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Arizona
State of Arizona History Timeline
History of Arizona Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Arizona had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Arizona Indians.
- History of Arizona Indians
- Interesting Facts and information about the Arizona Culture and History
- Names of indigenous Arizona tribes of Indians
- Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
- Map of Arizona
- History Timeline of the Arizona Indians
State of Arizona Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Arizona Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Arizona Indians will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Arizona Indians..