History of Arizona

Picture of Apache Warrior with rifle

Picture of Apache Native Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Arizona.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Arizona resulted in the adoption of the Southwest culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Arizona Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Arizona Indians
Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Arizona
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Arizona led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Arizona Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Arizona
The map of Arizona provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Arizona Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Arizona.


State Map of Arizona

Map showing location of Arizona

State Map showing location of Arizona Indians


Names of the Arizona Indian Tribes
Arizona is a state in the southwestern United States. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Arizona. The names of the Arizona tribes included the Yuma, Pima, Papago, Zuni, the Pueblo, the Navajo and Apache.

Fast Facts about the History of Arizona Indians
The way of life and history of Arizona Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Arizona. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Arizona Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Arizona Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Arizona Indians.

  • Name of State: Arizona
  • Meaning of State name: From the Papago or Pima word, Arizonac, which means “small springs.”
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Arizona: Large desert areas, also mountain and plateau areas, pine forests and the Grand Canyon
  • Culture adopted by Arizona Indians: Southwest Cultural Group Cultural Group
  • Languages: Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Farmers and some Nomadic hunters
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Farmers lived in Adobe (pueblo) houses. Hunters lived in Hogans

History Timeline of the Arizona Indians
The history and the way of life of Arizona Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Arizona Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Arizona Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Arizona Indians.

Arizona History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Arizona

10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters using stone weapons

9000 BC: Clovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point

7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming

1539: Father Marcos de Niza claims Arizona for Spain.

1540: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado of Spain searches for the Seven Cities of Gold (Cibola) he fails but also claims Arizona for Spain

1700: San Xavier del Bac mission is founded

1752: The first permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac, after many revolts from the Pima and Papago Native Americans tribes

1763: Treaty of Paris

1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1821: Mexico gains military control of Arizona

1830: Indian Removal Act

1832: Department of Indian Affairs established

1848: United States win the Mexican War and gain all of Arizona north of the Gila River

1849: 1846 - 1863 The Navajo conflicts in New Mexico and Arizona

1853: The Gadsden Purchase - the rest of Arizona becomes part of United States

1858: Gold is discovered on Gila River

1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862: The Apache tribe, led by Cochise, attack soldiers at Apache Pass, beginning a ten year war with settlers.

1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1863: Territory of Arizona is created by Congress

1864: Kit Carson captures 7,000 Navajo Indians in Canyon de Chelly and forces them to leave Arizona

1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1873: Campaign against Apache Indians in Arizona and New Mexico

1886: September 4 - The Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders

1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1893: Navajo war against white settlers. Northwestern New Mexico and Northeastern Arizona

1896: Yaqui Uprising - conflict that took place in the Mexican state of Sonora and the American state of Arizona

1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Arizona

State of Arizona History Timeline

History of Arizona Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Arizona had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Arizona Indians.


  • History of Arizona Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Arizona Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Arizona tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Arizona
  • History Timeline of the Arizona Indians

State of Arizona Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Arizona Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Arizona Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Arizona Indians..


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