Names of the Alabama Indian Tribes
Alabama is a state in the south-eastern U.S. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Alabama. The names of the Alabama tribes included the Alabama or Alibamu, Tunica - Biloxi, Cherokee Indians, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Koasati, Creek (Muskogee) and Yuchi.
Fast Facts about the History of Alabama Indians
The way of life and history of Alabama Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Alabama. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Alabama Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Alabama Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Alabama Indians.
- Name of State: Alabama
- Location: Alabama is a state in the south-eastern U.S.
- Meaning of State name: From the Alibamu, the name of Muskogean tribe, meaning “those who clear land for
- Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Alabama: Coastal plains, sandy valleys and hills
- Culture adopted by Alabama Indians: Southeast Cultural Group
- Languages: Muskogean
- Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter gatherers and hunter farmers
- Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses
History Timeline of the Alabama Indians
The history and the way of life of Alabama Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Alabama Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of Indian Wars and Battles involving Alabama Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the history of the Alabama Indians.
Alabama History Timeline
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Alabama
10,000 BC: The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters
7000 BC: Archaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools
2500 BC: Gulf Formational Period of the Southeast culture group with development of ceramics and pottery
1000 AD: Woodland period with permanent houses and farming
1300: Mississippian culture period of Mound Builders
1519: The Alabama Indians were originally from Mississippi and members of the Muscogee Creek Confederacy. The Alabama tribe first encountered Europeans when Alonso Alvarez de Pineda led an expedition to the region
1528: Cabeza de Vaca visited Alabama
1540: Hernando de Soto led a Spanish expedition to the area.
1702: The first permanent European settlement was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile
1763: Treaty of Paris - British gained control of Alabama
1775: 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution. Great Britain had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the US and Spain
1776: July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
1803: The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land
1805: 1805 - 1806: (Choctaw) and northern (Chickasaw and Cherokee) Indian cessions open up land to white settlement
1812: 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1813: Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.
1830: Indian Removal Act
1832: Department of Indian Affairs established
1832: 1832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears
1835: The Alabama gold rush
1836: 1836 - 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated at Hobdy's Bridge South Alabama
1861: 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.
1862: U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers
1865: The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1887: Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers
1969: All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
1979: American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Alabama
State of Alabama History Timeline
History of Alabama Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Alabama had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history taking their toll on the Alabama Indians.
- History of Alabama Indians
- Interesting Facts and information about the Alabama Culture and History
- Names of indigenous Alabama tribes of Indians
- Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
- Map of Alabama
- History Timeline of the Alabama Indians
State of Alabama Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Alabama Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Alabama Indians will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Alabama Indians..