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Pontiac's Rebellion

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Native American Indians

Chief Pontiac's Rebellion Council

Chief Pontiac's Rebellion Council

The History of Pontiac's Rebellion including details of the cause, reason, and summary. The dates and years of the Indian wars - when the war started and when the conflict ended.

  • Summary & Definition of Pontiac's Rebellion
  • Causes and Effects of Pontiac's Rebellion
  • Fast Facts and interesting information
  • Result and Significance of Pontiac's Rebellion
  • History Timeline, Names and Dates
  • Interesting facts and information about the significance, specific events and famous leaders of Pontiac's Rebellion
The Indian WarsStory of Chief Pontiac
Native Indian Tribes Index
 

Pontiac's Rebellion Summary and Definition

Pontiac's Rebellion Summary and Definition: Pontiac's Rebellion, aka the Pontiac War (1763 - 1766), broke out in the Ohio River Valley. Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) was a powerful and respected head chief of the Ottawa, Chippewa and Potawatomi. Chief Pontiac led a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British and the colonists. Pontiac's Rebellion followed the defeat of the French in the French Indian War (1754-1763) and the conclusion of the series of conflicts referred to as the French and Indian Wars. Many of the Native American Indians, primarily in the Great Lakes region, had close trading relationships with France and were appalled to find that the lands were now under the control of the British. Pontiac's Rebellion was an attempt by an alliance of some Native American Indian tribes to prevent Great Britain from occupying the land previously claimed by France. Pontiac's War failed but the rebellion hastened the implementation of the Royal Proclamation of 1763 establishing a massive boundary called the Proclamation Line. The Proclamation of 1763 was designed to calm the fears of American Native Indians by halting the westward expansion by colonists whilst expanding the lucrative fur trade.

Names of Native American tribes in Pontiac's Rebellion
The names of the tribes who supported Chief Pontiac's rebellion were:

  • Tribes of the Great Lakes region: Ottawa, Chippewa, Ojibwa, Potawatomi, and Huron
  • Tribes of Ohio region: Delaware (Lenape), Shawnee, Wyandot and Mingo
  • Tribes located in eastern Illinois region: Miami, Kickapoo, Mascoten and Piankashaw

The tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy were British allies and did not want to become involved with Pontiac's War. However, many of the Seneca tribe decided to join the rebellion.

Pontiac's Rebellion - Pays d'en haut
The Native Indian tribes involved in Pontiac's Rebellion lived within an area controlled by New France before their defeat in the French Indian War known as the 'Pays d'en haut'  meaning the upper country.

Map of the region called 'Pays d'en haut'

Pontiac's Rebellion: Map of the region called 'Pays d'en haut'

Facts about Pontiac's Rebellion
Who fought in Pontiac's Rebellion? When did the conflict start and when did the conflict end? What were the causes of Pontiac's Rebellion? What was the significance of Pontiac's Rebellion? What were the results and effects of Pontiac's Rebellion? Interesting history and facts about Pontiac's Rebellion:

Fast Facts about Pontiac's Rebellion
 Name of Conflict: Pontiac's Rebellion
 
 Alternative Names for Pontiac's Rebellion:
 Pontiac's Rebellion, Pontiac's Conspiracy, Pontiac's Uprising or Pontiac's War
 
 
 Year Pontiac's Rebellion started: Ohio River Valley region 
 Year Pontiac's Rebellion ended: 1763 
 Combatants in Pontiac's Rebellion: 1766 
 Combatants in Pontiac's Rebellion: An alliance of many Native American tribes against the British 
 Result of Pontiac's Rebellion: Pontiac's Rebellion ended in defeat for the Indians  
 Famous Leaders in Pontiac's Rebellion: Chief Pontiac Chief Guyasuta of the Seneca tribe
Jeffrey Amherst, Henry Bouquet and Thomas Gage
 
Fast Facts about Pontiac's Rebellion
 

Specific Causes of Pontiac's Rebellion
What were the specific causes of Pontiac's Rebellion? The specific causes of Pontiac's Rebellion were:

  • The tribes involved in Pontiac's rebellion believed that the French treated them with honor, hospitality, equality and respect as opposed to the British who believed they were superior to the Indians
  • The tribes viewed the British with great mistrust
  • The British permitted white settlement on Native American territories

History & Causes of Pontiac's Rebellion - Political Policies and Beliefs
What were the causes of Pontiac's Rebellion? Some of the history and causes of the Indian Wars were dictated by political policies and beliefs which shaped the historical background to the causes of Pontiac's Rebellion

  • Colonialism: In the 1700's the Europeans brought with them the system of colonialism, primarily to generate income, which encompassed "the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas." A major cause of conflict in the 1700's
  • Culture: Distrust and hostilities grew between the indigenous population of the region and the British

Chief Pontiac (representation)

 

 

History Timeline of Pontiac's Rebellion
This short History Timeline of Pontiac's Rebellion provides fast facts and information about the history, years & dates, key events and famous people who fought in Pontiac's Rebellion.
 

History Timeline of Pontiac's Rebellion

1760The final British victory at the Battle of Quebec in 1759 led to the demise of New France in 1760.
 

1760September 1760: Montreal falls to the British
 

17609 September 1760: The British occupied New France after Governor Vaudrueil surrendered the colony
 
 

1763The Treaty of Paris ends French and Indian War (1754-1763). Canada, east of the Mississippi River, was added to the British empire.
 

1763Pontiac's Rebellion, aka the Pontiac War (176366), broke out in the Ohio River Valley. Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) led a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British
 
 

1763October 7, 1763: King George III signs the Royal Proclamation of 1763 designed to establish a border line
 
 

1763Summer of 1763: Chief Pontiac launched attacks on British garrisons - only Fort Detroit and Fort Pitt (Fort Duquesne) remained in British hands
 
 

17645 March 1764: Governor Murray organized a large expedition from Quebec to reclaim the forts. Sieur de Rigaud commanded the Canadians. Colonel John Bradstreet commanded the expedition regaining Fort Niagara and Fort Detroit
 
 

1766Chief Pontiac agreed to peace terms sealing the end of Pontiac's Rebellion 
History Timeline of Pontiac's Rebellion

The Significance and Effects of Pontiac's Rebellion
The effects and significance of Pontiac's Rebellion in history is as follows:

  • The Native Americans tribes had failed to drive away the British but equally the British were unable to conquer the Native American Indians
  • Pontiac's Rebellion demonstrated to the Native Indian tribes that they had power in numbers which led to alliances between tribes to fight their common enemy - the white settlers
  • The British came to the conclusion that they needed the Native Americans to supply the furs for their lucrative fur trade and established the massive boundary called the Proclamation Line which halted the westward expansion by colonists
  • The Royal Proclamation of 1763 officially recognized that indigenous people had certain rights to the lands they occupied, it has been called the Indians' "Bill of Rights"
  • The colonists were forced to 'run for their lives' during the conflict and fear and hatred of the Native Americans resulted in the forming of vigilante groups such as the Paxton Boys
  • The colonists were also expected to pay a tax to meet the costs of establishing and manning the borders of the Proclamation Line which led to the belief that the King had sided with the Indians despite Pontiac's Rebellion, against the interests of the settlers. This contributed to the causes of the American Revolution.
 

Pontiac's Rebellion

  • Significance, causes, summary, dates and history of Pontiac's Rebellion for kids
  • History timeline of Pontiac's Rebellion
  • Interesting Facts and information on Pontiac's Rebellion for kids and schools
  • Cause and Effects of Pontiac's Rebellion
  • Significance, causes events, summary, dates and history of Pontiac's Rebellion for kids

 

Pontiac's Rebellion - Pictures and Videos of Native Americans
Pontiac's Rebellion. Discover the the key years, famous people and events of Pontiac's Rebellion together with the causes and effects of the war, conflict and battle. Pictures have been include wherever possible which show the battlefield, clothing and weapons of the Native Indian tribes and their leaders who fought in Pontiac's Rebellion. The illustrated text provides a really useful educational resource for kids and children of all ages. We have included pictures and videos to accompany the main topic of this section - Pontiac's Rebellion. The videos enable fast access to the images, paintings and pictures together with the information and the many facts featured on this subject of Pontiac's Rebellion.

 

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