History of Ohio

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Ohio.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Ohio resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Ohio Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Ohio Indians

Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Ohio
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Ohio led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Ohio Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Ohio
The map of Ohio provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Ohio Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Ohio.

 

State Map of Ohio

State Map showing location of Ohio Indians

State Map showing location of Ohio Indians

 

Names of the Ohio Indian Tribes
Ohio is a state of the north-central United States in the Great Lakes region. The tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy drove out the native tribes of the Ohio valley during the Beaver Wars. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of Ohio. The names of the Ohio tribes included the Illinois tribe (Illini), Iroquois, Chippewa, Delaware, Erie, Ottawa, and Potawatomi (see above picture), Kickapoo, Kaskaskia, Miami, Wyandot and Shawnee.

Fast Facts about the History of Ohio Indians
The way of life and history of Ohio Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Ohio. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Ohio Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Ohio Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Ohio Indians.

  • Name of State: Ohio
  • Meaning of State name: From the Iroquois Indian word for "beautiful river."
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Ohio: Rolling plains and plateau areas
  • Culture adopted by Ohio Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Chickees, Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses
 

 

History Timeline of the Ohio Indians
The history and the way of life of Ohio Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Ohio Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving Ohio Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the Ohio Indians.

Ohio History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Ohio

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7500 BCEastern Woodland Culture of Fisher Hunters begins. Permanent houses and farming

7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1700 BCMound Builders culture, a feature of many Woodland tribes. Two of these mounds in Ohio are called "Serpent Mound" and "Alligator Mound"

Great Serpent Mound in Ohio

Great Serpent Mound in Ohio


1000 ADWoodland Period including the Adena culture (mounds, a burial complex and ceremonial system. The Adena lived in a variety of locations, including: Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Kentucky, and parts of Pennsylvania and New York.) and Hopewell cultures

1000 ADWoodland Period including the Hopewell cultures established along rivers in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States which included trade exchange systems and burial systems

16891688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the French and the Algoquian speaking tribes were allied to the British. The French and Indian Wars was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies consisting of:

King William's War (1688-1699)
Queen Anne's War (1702-1713)
King George's War (1744 - 1748)
French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)


1750The Ohio Company of Virginia claims the Ohio region for England

1751Christopher Gist explores the region along the Ohio River

17541754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763Treaty of Paris

17641764 Indian War / Pontiac's Conspiracy aka Pontiac's Rebellion broke out in the Ohio River Valley.. The British treated the former Indian allies of the French like conquered peoples, which prompted the Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) to lead a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British 

1775Lord Dunmore's War in Southern Ohio. Governor Dunmore commanded a force to defeat the Shawnee, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Ohio, down the Ohio River.

17751775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

 

1785Northwest Indian War (17851795) in Indiana and Ohio, also known as Little Turtle's war. The Americans suffered 2 humiliating defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794.

1794General "Mad Anthony" Wayne's victory at Fallen Timbers in Ohio ends Indian attacks in Kentucky

1795Treaty of Greenville temporarily ends the Indian Wars in Ohio 

1803The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

18111811 William Henry Harrison led forces at the Battle of Tippecanoe against the Shawnee lead by Chief Tecumseh, a victory that reduced the Native American threat in the Old Northwest

18121812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830Indian Removal Act

1832Department of Indian Affairs established

1842The Wyandots, Ohio's last Indian tribe, leave Ohio

18611861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Ohio

State of Ohio History Timeline

History of Ohio Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Ohio had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the Ohio Indians.

 

Ohio

  • History of Ohio Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Ohio Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Ohio tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Ohio
  • History Timeline of the Ohio Indians

 

State of Ohio Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Ohio Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Ohio Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Ohio Indians..

 

Teaching resource - Teachers - Kids - History - Timeline - History - Historical - History - Timeline - History Timeline - History of Ohio - History Ohio Indians - History Timeline - Culture - History - History - Pictures - Images - Indigenous - Timeline - Tribes - Tribe - History Ohio Indians - Native Tribes - Timeline - Native Americans - Native Indian Americans - Map - Maps - History Ohio Indians -  - Timeline - History - Life - History Ohio Indians - History - History - History - Life - Facts - Information - Info - Native - American - Indian - History Ohio Indians - Timeline - Short - Kids - History Ohio Indians - Children - Studies - History Ohio Indians - History - Timeline - Historical - History - Timeline - Ohio - History of Ohio - Written By Linda Alchin