History of New Mexico

Apache Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of New Mexico.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in New Mexico resulted in the adoption of the Southwest culture and some adopted the Great Plains Indians culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the New Mexico Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

History of New Mexico Indians

Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of New Mexico
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of New Mexico led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the New Mexico Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of New Mexico
The map of New Mexico provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the New Mexico Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of New Mexico.

 

State Map of New Mexico

State Map showing location of New Mexico Indians

State Map showing location of New Mexico Indians

 

Names of the New Mexico Indian Tribes
New Mexico is a state of the southwest United States on the Mexican border.There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of New Mexico. The names of the New Mexico tribes included the Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo.

Fast Facts about the History of New Mexico Indians
The way of life and history of New Mexico Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of New Mexico. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the New Mexico Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of New Mexico Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of New Mexico Indians.

  • Name of State: New Mexico
  • Meaning of State name: Name of an Aztec god, “Meritili.”
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of New Mexico: Plains, Rocky mountains and high plateau
  • Culture adopted by New Mexico Indians: Southwest Cultural Group and some adopted the Great Plains culture
  • Languages: Southern Athabaskan (Apachean) language
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Farmers and some Nomadic hunters
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Farmers lived in Adobe (pueblo) houses. Hunters lived in Hogans
 

 

History Timeline of the New Mexico Indians
The history and the way of life of New Mexico Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This New Mexico Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving New Mexico Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the New Mexico Indians. The Navaho, Ute, Comanche and Apache tribes came to the New Mexico region from the north during the 1500's. 

New Mexico History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of New Mexico

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

9000 BCClovis Culture (named after artefacts found at Clovis, New Mexico. These people used a distinctive type of fluted arrow point

7500 BCFolsom Culture (named after artefacts found at Folsom, New Mexico. These people used flint arrow point in the shape of a leaf)

7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2000 BCPecos Culture begins with changes in architecture, art and pottery for the people who lived in a semi-arid environment

1540The Tiguex War was the first war between Europeans and Native American Indians. The battles were fought by the army of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado against the Tiwa Indians in New Mexico

16801680-1692: The Pueblo Revolt was located in New Mexico and Arizona between the Tuscarora Native Americans and the Spanish. This was an initial great victory for the Pueblo but the Spanish re-conquered the lands in 1692

17751775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

18121812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830Indian Removal Act

1832Department of Indian Affairs established

1849Apache Wars (1849–1924)

1849The Jicarilla War fought between the Jicarilla Apaches and Ute warriors against the United States

1858Navajo Wars in New Mexico (1858–1864)

1860Navajo expedition, New Mexico in which 1,000 warriors waged an attack on Fort Defiance.

18611861 - 1900 Apache Wars in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Leaving the reservation attacks were made on outposts led by Geronimo and Cochise. Geronimo surrendered in 1886 but others carried on the fight until 1900

18611861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1873Campaign against Apache Indians in Arizona and New Mexico

1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1893Navajo war against white settlers. Northwestern New Mexico and Northeastern Arizona

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of New Mexico

State of New Mexico History Timeline

History of New Mexico Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of New Mexico had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the New Mexico Indians.

 

New Mexico

  • History of New Mexico Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the New Mexico Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous New Mexico tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of New Mexico
  • History Timeline of the New Mexico Indians

 

State of New Mexico Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of New Mexico Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of New Mexico Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of New Mexico Indians..

 

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