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History of New Jersey

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Native American Indians

Abenaki Indians

Abenaki Indians

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of New Jersey.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in New Jersey resulted in the adoption of the Northeast Woodlands culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the New Jersey Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index
 

History of New Jersey Indians

Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of New Jersey
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of New Jersey led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the New Jersey Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of New Jersey
The map of New Jersey provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the New Jersey Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of New Jersey.

 

State Map of New Jersey

State Map showing location of New Jersey Indians

State Map showing location of New Jersey Indians

 

Names of the New Jersey Indian Tribes
New Jersey is a state of the Northeastern United States on the Atlantic Ocean. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories and homelands are located in the present day state of New Jersey. The names of the New Jersey tribes included the Abenaki, Malecite, Passamaquoddy and Pennacook.

History of New Jersey Indians - The French Indian Wars
The
French and Indian Wars (1688 - 1763) was a generic names for a series of wars, battles and conflicts involving the French colonies in Canada and Louisiana and the 13 British colonies, which included New Jersey, consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763). Various New Jersey Indian tribes were allied to the French and British colonies during the French Indian Wars which raged for nearly 75 years.

Fast Facts about the History of New Jersey Indians
The way of life and history of New Jersey Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of New Jersey. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the New Jersey Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of New Jersey Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of New Jersey Indians.

  • Name of State: New Jersey
  • Meaning of State name: Named after the British island of Jersey, situated in the English Channel.
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of New Jersey: Appalachian Valley, Appalachian Highlands Piedmont plateau and long coastal plain
  • Culture adopted by New Jersey Indians: Northeast Woodlands Cultural Group
  • Languages: Iroquoian and Algonquian
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter-gatherers, farmers, fishers, trappers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Chickees, Wigwams (aka Birchbark houses) and Longhouses
 

 

History Timeline of the New Jersey Indians
The history and the way of life of New Jersey Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This New Jersey Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of conflicts, wars and battles involving New Jersey Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the New Jersey Indians.

New Jersey History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of New Jersey

10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game including the Great Mammoth and giant bison.

7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

1000 ADWoodland Period - homes were established along rivers and trade exchange systems and burial systems were established

1500s
1600's
New Jersey explored by Europeans from Great Britain, Sweden, Holland and France

 

16881688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America consisting of King William's War (1688-1699), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), King George's War (1744 - 1748) and the French and Indian War aka the Seven Years War (1754-1763)

17541754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against the French so ending the series of conflicts known as the French and Indian Wars

1763Treaty of Paris

17751775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.

1776July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

18121812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

1830Indian Removal Act

1832Department of Indian Affairs established

18611861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of New Jersey

State of New Jersey History Timeline

History of New Jersey Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of New Jersey had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history, taking their toll on the New Jersey Indians.

 

New Jersey

  • History of New Jersey Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the New Jersey Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous New Jersey tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of New Jersey
  • History Timeline of the New Jersey Indians

 

State of New Jersey Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of New Jersey Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of New Jersey Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of New Jersey Indians..

 

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