History of Alabama

The Indigenous People of the United States

Discover interesting facts and information about the history and culture of Native American Indians and their tribes

Choctaw Indian

Choctaw Native American Indian

This illustrated article provides interesting facts, information and a history timeline of the Native American Indians of Alabama.

The climate, land, history, environment and natural resources that were available to the indigenous Indian tribes in Alabama resulted in the adoption of the Southeast culture.

Discover the history, interesting facts and information about the way of life of the Alabama Indians before the arrival of the white European settlers and colonists.

History of Native Americans
Native Indian Tribes Index

History of Alabama Indians

Factors that contributed to the history of the state are detailed in the History Timeline. The history timeline shows the impact of the new comers to the state.

Stone Age History of Alabama
The American Native Indians who lived in what is now the present state of Alabama led a Stone Age lifestyle - they only had stone tools and weapons, had never seen a horse and had no knowledge of the wheel. The history of the Alabama Indians are detailed in this article.

Map of Alabama
The map of Alabama provides a bird's eye view of the location of the tribal territories and homelands of the Alabama Indians in relation to the present day United States of America. The map indicates the location of the State and the American Native Indians of Alabama.

 

State Map of Alabama

Map showing location of Alabama

State Map showing location of Alabama Indians

 

Names of the Alabama Indian Tribes
Alabama is a state in the south-eastern U.S. There are many famous Native American tribes who played a part in the history of the state and whose tribal territories  and homelands are located in the present day state of Alabama. The names of the Alabama tribes included the Alabama or Alibamu, Tunica - Biloxi, Cherokee Indians, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Koasati, Creek (Muskogee) and Yuchi.

Fast Facts about the History of Alabama Indians
The way of life and history of Alabama Indians was dictated by the natural raw materials available in the State of Alabama. The natural resources and materials available provided the food, clothing and houses of the Alabama Indians. Fast facts about the history, culture and life of the State of Alabama Indians. Discover facts and information about the history of the State of Alabama Indians.

  • Name of State: Alabama
  • Location: Alabama is a state in the south-eastern U.S.
  • Meaning of State name: From the Alibamu, the name of Muskogean tribe, meaning “those who clear land for
    agricultural purposes.”
  • Geography, Environment and Characteristics of the State of Alabama: Coastal plains, sandy valleys and hills
  • Culture adopted by Alabama Indians: Southeast Cultural Group
  • Languages: Muskogean
  • Way of Life (Lifestyle): Hunter gatherers and hunter farmers
  • Types of housing, homes or shelters: Asi Wattle and Daub houses
 

 

History Timeline of the Alabama Indians
The history and the way of life of Alabama Indians was profoundly affected by newcomers to the area. The indigenous people had occupied the land thousands of years before the first European explorers arrived. The Europeans brought with them new ideas, customs, religions, weapons, transport (the horse and the wheel), livestock (cattle and sheep) and disease which profoundly affected the history of the Native Indians. For a comprehensive History timeline regarding the early settlers and colonists refer to the
Colonial America Time Period. The history of the State and of its Native American Indians is detailed in a simple History Timeline. This Alabama Indian History Timeline provides a list detailing dates of Indian Wars and Battles involving Alabama Indians and their history. We have also detailed major events in US history which impacted the history of the history of the Alabama Indians.

Alabama History Timeline

History Timeline of the Native Indians of Alabama

10,000 BCThe first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters

7000 BCArchaic Period in which people built basic shelters and made stone weapons and stone tools

2500 BCGulf Formational Period of the Southeast culture group with development of ceramics and pottery

1000 ADWoodland period with permanent houses and farming

1300Mississippian culture period of Mound builders

1519The Alabama Indians were originally from Mississippi and members of the Muscogee Creek Confederacy. The Alabama tribe first encountered Europeans when Alonso Alvarez de Pineda led an expedition to the region

1528Cabeza de Vaca visited Alabama

1540Hernando de Soto led a Spanish expedition to the area.

1702The first permanent European settlement was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile

1763Treaty of Paris - British gained control of Alabama

17751775 - 1783 - The American Revolution. Great Britain had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the US and Spain

1776July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence

1803The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million dollars for the land

18051805 - 1806: (Choctaw) and northern (Chickasaw and Cherokee) Indian cessions open up land to white settlement

18121812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence

 

1813Creek War (1813–1814) erupted in Alabama and Georgia. The Creek Indians were defeated by American forces led by Andrew Jackson at Talladega in 1813, at Emuckfau, in 1814, at Enotochopco in 1814 and finally at the Horseshoe Bend of the Tallapoosa River when 750 Creeks were killed or drowned, and 201 whites were killed or wounded.

1830Indian Removal Act

1832Department of Indian Affairs established

18321832-1839: Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" to Indian Territory on the Trail of Tears


1835The Alabama gold rush

18361836 - 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated at Hobdy's Bridge South Alabama

18611861 - 1865: The American Civil War.

1862U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers

1865The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy

1887Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers

1969All Indians declared citizens of U.S.

1979American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Alabama

State of Alabama History Timeline

History of Alabama Indians - Destruction and Decline
The history of the European invasion brought epidemic diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera, influenza, measles and smallpox. The Native Indians of Alabama had not developed immunities against these diseases resulting in huge losses in population. Exploitation including the leverage of taxes, enforced labor and enslavement were part of their history taking their toll on the Alabama Indians.

 

Alabama

  • History of Alabama Indians
  • Interesting Facts and information about the Alabama Culture and History
  • Names of indigenous Alabama tribes of Indians
  • Fast Facts, History Timeline and info
  • Map of Alabama
  • History Timeline of the Alabama Indians

 

State of Alabama Indians - Additional Pictures and Videos
State of Alabama Indian History. Discover the vast selection of pictures and videos of Native Americans. The pictures show the clothing, weapons and decorations of various Native American tribes that can be used as an educational history resource for kids and children. We hope that this article on the History of Alabama Indians  will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the Native Americans. A great historical educational resource for kids on the subject of the History of Alabama Indians..

 

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